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Hair loss in women: medical and cosmetic approaches to increase scalp hair fullness.
Br J Dermatol. 2011 Dec; 165 Suppl 3:12-8.BJ

Abstract

Androgenetic alopecia affects both men and women. In men it produces male pattern hair loss with bitemporal recession and vertex baldness. In women it produces female pattern hair loss (FPHL) with diffuse alopecia over the mid-frontal scalp. FPHL occurs as a result of nonuniform hair follicle miniaturization within follicular units. Diffuse alopecia is produced by a reduction in the number of terminal fibres per follicular unit. Baldness occurs only when all hairs within the follicular units are miniaturized and is a relatively late event in women. The concepts of follicular units and primary and secondary hair follicles within follicular units are well established in comparative mammalian studies, particularly in sheep. However, discovery of these structures in the human scalp hair and investigation of the changes in follicular unit anatomy during the development of androgenetic alopecia have provided a clearer understanding of the early stages of androgenetic alopecia and how the male and female patterns of hair loss are related. FPHL is the most common cause of alopecia in women and approximately one-third of adult caucasian women experience hair loss. The impact of FPHL is predominantly psychological. While men anticipate age-related hair loss, hair loss in women is usually unexpected and unwelcome at any age. Treatment options to arrest hair loss progression and stimulate partial hair regrowth for FPHL include the androgen receptor antagonists spironolactone and cyproterone acetate, the 5α-reductase inhibitor finasteride and the androgen-independent hair growth stimulator minoxidil. These treatments appear to work best when initiated early. Hair transplantation should be considered in advanced FPHL that is resistant to medical treatments. Hair transplantation requires well-preserved hair growth over the occipital donor area. The psychological impact of FPHL may also be reduced by cosmetic products that improve the appearance of the hair. These agents work to minimize hair fibre breakage, improve hair volume or conceal visible bald scalp.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, St Vincent's Hospital, PO Box 2900 Fitzroy, Melbourne 3065, Australia. rod.sinclair@svhm.org.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22171680

Citation

Sinclair, R, et al. "Hair Loss in Women: Medical and Cosmetic Approaches to Increase Scalp Hair Fullness." The British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 165 Suppl 3, 2011, pp. 12-8.
Sinclair R, Patel M, Dawson TL, et al. Hair loss in women: medical and cosmetic approaches to increase scalp hair fullness. Br J Dermatol. 2011;165 Suppl 3:12-8.
Sinclair, R., Patel, M., Dawson, T. L., Yazdabadi, A., Yip, L., Perez, A., & Rufaut, N. W. (2011). Hair loss in women: medical and cosmetic approaches to increase scalp hair fullness. The British Journal of Dermatology, 165 Suppl 3, 12-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10630.x
Sinclair R, et al. Hair Loss in Women: Medical and Cosmetic Approaches to Increase Scalp Hair Fullness. Br J Dermatol. 2011;165 Suppl 3:12-8. PubMed PMID: 22171680.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hair loss in women: medical and cosmetic approaches to increase scalp hair fullness. AU - Sinclair,R, AU - Patel,M, AU - Dawson,T L,Jr AU - Yazdabadi,A, AU - Yip,L, AU - Perez,A, AU - Rufaut,N W, PY - 2011/12/17/entrez PY - 2011/12/30/pubmed PY - 2012/2/10/medline SP - 12 EP - 8 JF - The British journal of dermatology JO - Br J Dermatol VL - 165 Suppl 3 N2 - Androgenetic alopecia affects both men and women. In men it produces male pattern hair loss with bitemporal recession and vertex baldness. In women it produces female pattern hair loss (FPHL) with diffuse alopecia over the mid-frontal scalp. FPHL occurs as a result of nonuniform hair follicle miniaturization within follicular units. Diffuse alopecia is produced by a reduction in the number of terminal fibres per follicular unit. Baldness occurs only when all hairs within the follicular units are miniaturized and is a relatively late event in women. The concepts of follicular units and primary and secondary hair follicles within follicular units are well established in comparative mammalian studies, particularly in sheep. However, discovery of these structures in the human scalp hair and investigation of the changes in follicular unit anatomy during the development of androgenetic alopecia have provided a clearer understanding of the early stages of androgenetic alopecia and how the male and female patterns of hair loss are related. FPHL is the most common cause of alopecia in women and approximately one-third of adult caucasian women experience hair loss. The impact of FPHL is predominantly psychological. While men anticipate age-related hair loss, hair loss in women is usually unexpected and unwelcome at any age. Treatment options to arrest hair loss progression and stimulate partial hair regrowth for FPHL include the androgen receptor antagonists spironolactone and cyproterone acetate, the 5α-reductase inhibitor finasteride and the androgen-independent hair growth stimulator minoxidil. These treatments appear to work best when initiated early. Hair transplantation should be considered in advanced FPHL that is resistant to medical treatments. Hair transplantation requires well-preserved hair growth over the occipital donor area. The psychological impact of FPHL may also be reduced by cosmetic products that improve the appearance of the hair. These agents work to minimize hair fibre breakage, improve hair volume or conceal visible bald scalp. SN - 1365-2133 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22171680/Hair_loss_in_women:_medical_and_cosmetic_approaches_to_increase_scalp_hair_fullness_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -