Isolation of the replication DNA region from a Rhizobium plasmid and examination of its potential as a replicon for Rhizobiaceae cloning vectors.Plasmid 1990; 23(3):201-15P
The DNA region essential for replication and stability of a native plasmid (pTM5) from Rhizobium sp. (Hedysarum) has been identified and isolated within a 5.4-kb PstI restriction fragment. The isolation of this region was accomplished by cloning endonuclease-restricted pTM5 DNA into a ColE1-type replicon and selecting the recombinant plasmids containing the pTM5 replicator (pTM5 derivative plasmids) by their ability to replicate in Rhizobium. DNA homology studies revealed that pTM5-like replicons are present in cryptic plasmids from some Rhizobium sp. (Hedysarum) strains but not in plasmids from strains of other Rhizobium species or Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The pTM5 derivative plasmids were able to replicate in Escherichia coli and A. tumefaciens and in a wide range of Rhizobium species. On the basis of stability assays in the absence of antibiotic selective pressure, the pTM5 derivative plasmids were shown to be highly stable in both free-living and symbiotic cells of Rhizobium sp. (Hedysarum). The stability of these plasmids in other species of Rhizobium and in A. tumefaciens varied depending on the host and on the plasmid. Most pTM5 derivative plasmids tested showed significantly higher symbiotic stability than RK2 derivative plasmids pRK290 and pAL618 in Rhizobium sp. (Hedysarum), R. meliloti, and R. leguminosarum by. phaseoli. Consequently, we consider that the constructed pTM5 derivative plasmids are potentially useful as cloning vectors for Rhizobiaceae.