Dangguijakyak-san protects dopamine neurons against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced neurotoxicity under postmenopausal conditions.J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 Feb 15; 139(3):883-8.JE
Dangguijakyak-san protects dopamine neurons against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced neurotoxicity under postmenopausal conditions.
Dangguijakyak-san (DJS), a famous traditional herbal formula, has long been used to treat gynecological disorders, including postmenopausal symptoms. This study evaluated the effects and mechanism of DJS on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced neurotoxicity in a postmenopausal mouse model induced by ovariectomy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Three weeks after ovariectomy, C57bl/6 female mice were divided randomly into (1) control, (2) MPTP (30 mg/kg/day, i.p., 5 days), (3) MPTP+estrogen (50 μg/kg/day, i.p., 5 days), and (4) MPTP+DJS (50 mg/kg/day, p.o., 5 days) groups. We investigated the behavioral recovery and dopamine neuron protection of DJS using the pole test and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunohistochemistry. We also explored the mechanism by assessing the protein expression of Bax, Bcl-2, cytochrome c, and cleaved caspase-3.
DJS treatment restored the movement behavior impaired by MPTP, showing a similar or better effect than estrogen. DJS protected TH-immunoreactive cells and fibers in the nigrostriatal region from MPTP toxicity. In addition, DJS inhibited the Bcl-2 decrease and Bax increase in mitochondria, cytochrome c release to the cytosol, and caspase-3 activation induced by MPTP.
DJS showed behavior recovery and dopamine neuron protection against MPTP-induced toxicity via anti-apoptotic activities in ovariectomized female mice. These results suggest that DJS treatment is effective for postmenopausal neurodegenerative diseases.