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The D-lightful vitamin D for child health.
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2012; 36(1 Suppl):9S-19SJJ

Abstract

Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency is common in children. Vitamin D deficiency is defined as a 25-hydroxyvitamin D <20 ng/mL and insufficiency as 21-29 ng/mL. The major sources of vitamin D are sun exposure, diet, and supplements. In young children, vitamin D deficiency causes a mineralization defect of the skeleton, resulting in rickets. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to many chronic diseases, including multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, infectious diseases, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. In utero vitamin D deficiency increases risk for preeclampsia and the need for a cesarean section. Children living at higher latitudes and who are presumed to be at increased risk for vitamin D deficiency are at higher risk for developing type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis later in life. The Institute of Medicine recommends that children 0-1 year and 1-18 years need 400 and 600 IU/d, respectively, of vitamin D for maximal skeletal health. The Endocrine Society's Clinical Guidelines recommended that to prevent and treat vitamin D deficiency, children 0-1 year and 1-18 years need 400-1000 and 600-1000 IU/d, respectively.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. mfholick@bu.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22179524

Citation

Holick, Michael F.. "The D-lightful Vitamin D for Child Health." JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, vol. 36, no. 1 Suppl, 2012, 9S-19S.
Holick MF. The D-lightful vitamin D for child health. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012;36(1 Suppl):9S-19S.
Holick, M. F. (2012). The D-lightful vitamin D for child health. JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 36(1 Suppl), 9S-19S. doi:10.1177/0148607111430189.
Holick MF. The D-lightful Vitamin D for Child Health. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012;36(1 Suppl):9S-19S. PubMed PMID: 22179524.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The D-lightful vitamin D for child health. A1 - Holick,Michael F, Y1 - 2011/12/16/ PY - 2011/12/20/entrez PY - 2011/12/20/pubmed PY - 2012/5/4/medline SP - 9S EP - 19S JF - JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition JO - JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr VL - 36 IS - 1 Suppl N2 - Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency is common in children. Vitamin D deficiency is defined as a 25-hydroxyvitamin D <20 ng/mL and insufficiency as 21-29 ng/mL. The major sources of vitamin D are sun exposure, diet, and supplements. In young children, vitamin D deficiency causes a mineralization defect of the skeleton, resulting in rickets. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to many chronic diseases, including multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, infectious diseases, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. In utero vitamin D deficiency increases risk for preeclampsia and the need for a cesarean section. Children living at higher latitudes and who are presumed to be at increased risk for vitamin D deficiency are at higher risk for developing type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis later in life. The Institute of Medicine recommends that children 0-1 year and 1-18 years need 400 and 600 IU/d, respectively, of vitamin D for maximal skeletal health. The Endocrine Society's Clinical Guidelines recommended that to prevent and treat vitamin D deficiency, children 0-1 year and 1-18 years need 400-1000 and 600-1000 IU/d, respectively. SN - 1941-2444 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22179524/The_D_lightful_vitamin_D_for_child_health_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1177/0148607111430189 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -