Polyphenolic fraction of Pilea microphylla (L.) protects Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts against γ-radiation-induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity.Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2012; 33(1):107-19ET
Present study was designed to compare cytoprotective and antigenotoxic activity of the polyphenolic fraction of Pilea microphylla (PM1) with that of its active polyphenolic constituents against γ-radiation in V79 cells. PM1 was standardized with respect to the polyphenols present by RP-HPLC. It was evaluated for its free radical scavenging potential using Fenton reaction-induced DNA damage and lipid peroxidation. Further, PM1 was subjected against γ-radiation-induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in V79 cells. PM1 significantly reduced free radical-mediated calf thymus DNA damage and lipid peroxidation. Among the concentrations tested (12.5, 25 and 50 μg/ml) for radioprotection, PM1 at 25 μg/ml exhibited maximum protection. Further, when compared with constituent polyphenols viz., rutin, quercetin and chlorogenic acid (concentrations equivalent to that present in PM1-25 μg/ml), a combination of polyphenols was found most effective in preventing γ-radiation-induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity. To conclude, radioprotection is possibly a synergistic effect of the phytochemicals present in the herbal extract, rather than any single component.