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Victims' influence on intimate partner violence revictimization: an empirical test of dynamic victim-related risk factors.
J Interpers Violence. 2012 Jun; 27(9):1716-42.JI

Abstract

Research has reported that not only characteristics of the perpetrator but also characteristics of the victim influence risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). This would suggest that prevention of repeat abuse could benefit from a focus on both perpetrator and victim characteristics. Knowledge on factors that are within victims' sphere of influence is important because a focus on victim characteristics can help victims to take control of their situations and can thereby empower them. Dynamic victim-related factors are most relevant here as these are factors that can be changed or improved, in contrast to unchangeable static factors. Surprisingly, however, little is known about how victim-related factors affect risk for revictimization of IPV. The current study was conducted among a Dutch sample of 156 female, help-seeking IPV victims. The aim was to examine to what extent prior IPV and, in particular, dynamic victim-related factors influence risk for future IPV. In accordance with the models articulated by Foa, Cascardi, Zoellner and Feeny, we studied how the three key factors from their models-partner violence, victims' psychological difficulties, and victims' resilience-related to risk for IPV revictimization. Results provide support for several key factors (partner violence and victims' psychological difficulties) and, moreover, show which victim-related factors contribute to revictimization risk above and beyond the influence of prior violence committed by a partner against the victim (i.e., victims' prior IPV victimizations). Findings are discussed in terms of recommendations for practice and future research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Criminal Law and Criminology, Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands. k.f.kuijpers@law.leidenuniv.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22203626

Citation

Kuijpers, Karlijn F., et al. "Victims' Influence On Intimate Partner Violence Revictimization: an Empirical Test of Dynamic Victim-related Risk Factors." Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 27, no. 9, 2012, pp. 1716-42.
Kuijpers KF, Van der Knaap LM, Winkel FW. Victims' influence on intimate partner violence revictimization: an empirical test of dynamic victim-related risk factors. J Interpers Violence. 2012;27(9):1716-42.
Kuijpers, K. F., Van der Knaap, L. M., & Winkel, F. W. (2012). Victims' influence on intimate partner violence revictimization: an empirical test of dynamic victim-related risk factors. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27(9), 1716-42. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260511430389
Kuijpers KF, Van der Knaap LM, Winkel FW. Victims' Influence On Intimate Partner Violence Revictimization: an Empirical Test of Dynamic Victim-related Risk Factors. J Interpers Violence. 2012;27(9):1716-42. PubMed PMID: 22203626.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Victims' influence on intimate partner violence revictimization: an empirical test of dynamic victim-related risk factors. AU - Kuijpers,Karlijn F, AU - Van der Knaap,Leontien M, AU - Winkel,Frans Willem, Y1 - 2011/12/26/ PY - 2011/12/29/entrez PY - 2011/12/29/pubmed PY - 2012/9/21/medline SP - 1716 EP - 42 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 27 IS - 9 N2 - Research has reported that not only characteristics of the perpetrator but also characteristics of the victim influence risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). This would suggest that prevention of repeat abuse could benefit from a focus on both perpetrator and victim characteristics. Knowledge on factors that are within victims' sphere of influence is important because a focus on victim characteristics can help victims to take control of their situations and can thereby empower them. Dynamic victim-related factors are most relevant here as these are factors that can be changed or improved, in contrast to unchangeable static factors. Surprisingly, however, little is known about how victim-related factors affect risk for revictimization of IPV. The current study was conducted among a Dutch sample of 156 female, help-seeking IPV victims. The aim was to examine to what extent prior IPV and, in particular, dynamic victim-related factors influence risk for future IPV. In accordance with the models articulated by Foa, Cascardi, Zoellner and Feeny, we studied how the three key factors from their models-partner violence, victims' psychological difficulties, and victims' resilience-related to risk for IPV revictimization. Results provide support for several key factors (partner violence and victims' psychological difficulties) and, moreover, show which victim-related factors contribute to revictimization risk above and beyond the influence of prior violence committed by a partner against the victim (i.e., victims' prior IPV victimizations). Findings are discussed in terms of recommendations for practice and future research. SN - 1552-6518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22203626/Victims'_influence_on_intimate_partner_violence_revictimization:_an_empirical_test_of_dynamic_victim_related_risk_factors_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260511430389?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -