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Sebum, acne, skin elasticity, and gender difference - which is the major influencing factor for facial pores?

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Enlarged facial pores have been esthetic problems and have become a matter of cosmetic concern. Several factors are supposed to be related to the enlargement of facial pores, although scientific evaluations were not performed yet.

OBJECTIVE

To assess the correlation between facial pores and possible relating factors such as age, gender, sebum secretion, skin elasticity, and the presence of acne, using objective bioengineering instruments.

METHODS

Sixty volunteers, 30 males and 30 females, participated in this study. Various parameters of facial pores were assessed using the Robo Skin Analyzer. The facial sebum secretion and skin elasticity were measured using the Sebumeter and the Cutometer, respectively. These data were compared and correlated to examine the possible relationship between facial pores and age, sebum secretion and skin elasticity, according to gender and the presence of acne.

RESULTS

Male gender and the existence of acne were correlated with higher number of facial pores. Sebum secretion levels showed positive correlation with facial pores. The R7 parameter of skin elasticity was negatively correlated with facial pores, suggesting increased facial pores with decreased skin elasticity. However, the age and the severity of acne did not show a definite relationship with facial pores.

CONCLUSION

Male, increased sebum and decreased skin elasticity were mostly correlated with facial pore development. Further studies on population with various demographic profiles and more severe acne may be helpful to elucidate the potential effect of aging and acne severity on facial pores.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Acne Vulgaris
    Adult
    Age Factors
    Bioengineering
    Elasticity
    Elasticity Imaging Techniques
    Face
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Sebum
    Severity of Illness Index
    Sex Characteristics
    Skin
    Skin Aging
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22211382

    Citation

    Kim, B Y., et al. "Sebum, Acne, Skin Elasticity, and Gender Difference - Which Is the Major Influencing Factor for Facial Pores?" Skin Research and Technology : Official Journal of International Society for Bioengineering and the Skin (ISBS) [and] International Society for Digital Imaging of Skin (ISDIS) [and] International Society for Skin Imaging (ISSI), vol. 19, no. 1, 2013, pp. e45-53.
    Kim BY, Choi JW, Park KC, et al. Sebum, acne, skin elasticity, and gender difference - which is the major influencing factor for facial pores? Skin Res Technol. 2013;19(1):e45-53.
    Kim, B. Y., Choi, J. W., Park, K. C., & Youn, S. W. (2013). Sebum, acne, skin elasticity, and gender difference - which is the major influencing factor for facial pores? Skin Research and Technology : Official Journal of International Society for Bioengineering and the Skin (ISBS) [and] International Society for Digital Imaging of Skin (ISDIS) [and] International Society for Skin Imaging (ISSI), 19(1), pp. e45-53. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0846.2011.00605.x.
    Kim BY, et al. Sebum, Acne, Skin Elasticity, and Gender Difference - Which Is the Major Influencing Factor for Facial Pores. Skin Res Technol. 2013;19(1):e45-53. PubMed PMID: 22211382.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Sebum, acne, skin elasticity, and gender difference - which is the major influencing factor for facial pores? AU - Kim,B Y, AU - Choi,J W, AU - Park,K C, AU - Youn,S W, Y1 - 2011/12/28/ PY - 2011/11/20/accepted PY - 2012/1/4/entrez PY - 2012/1/4/pubmed PY - 2013/6/14/medline SP - e45 EP - 53 JF - Skin research and technology : official journal of International Society for Bioengineering and the Skin (ISBS) [and] International Society for Digital Imaging of Skin (ISDIS) [and] International Society for Skin Imaging (ISSI) JO - Skin Res Technol VL - 19 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Enlarged facial pores have been esthetic problems and have become a matter of cosmetic concern. Several factors are supposed to be related to the enlargement of facial pores, although scientific evaluations were not performed yet. OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation between facial pores and possible relating factors such as age, gender, sebum secretion, skin elasticity, and the presence of acne, using objective bioengineering instruments. METHODS: Sixty volunteers, 30 males and 30 females, participated in this study. Various parameters of facial pores were assessed using the Robo Skin Analyzer. The facial sebum secretion and skin elasticity were measured using the Sebumeter and the Cutometer, respectively. These data were compared and correlated to examine the possible relationship between facial pores and age, sebum secretion and skin elasticity, according to gender and the presence of acne. RESULTS: Male gender and the existence of acne were correlated with higher number of facial pores. Sebum secretion levels showed positive correlation with facial pores. The R7 parameter of skin elasticity was negatively correlated with facial pores, suggesting increased facial pores with decreased skin elasticity. However, the age and the severity of acne did not show a definite relationship with facial pores. CONCLUSION: Male, increased sebum and decreased skin elasticity were mostly correlated with facial pore development. Further studies on population with various demographic profiles and more severe acne may be helpful to elucidate the potential effect of aging and acne severity on facial pores. SN - 1600-0846 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22211382/Sebum_acne_skin_elasticity_and_gender_difference___which_is_the_major_influencing_factor_for_facial_pores L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0846.2011.00605.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -