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A randomised controlled trial of a theory-based intervention to improve sun protective behaviour in adolescents ('you can still be HOT in the shade'): study protocol.
BMC Cancer. 2012 Jan 03; 12:1.BC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Most skin cancers are preventable by encouraging consistent use of sun protective behaviour. In Australia, adolescents have high levels of knowledge and awareness of the risks of skin cancer but exhibit significantly lower sun protection behaviours than adults. There is limited research aimed at understanding why people do or do not engage in sun protective behaviour, and an associated absence of theory-based interventions to improve sun safe behaviour. This paper presents the study protocol for a school-based intervention which aims to improve the sun safe behaviour of adolescents.

METHODS/DESIGN

Approximately 400 adolescents (aged 12-17 years) will be recruited through Queensland, Australia public and private schools and randomized to the intervention (n = 200) or 'wait-list' control group (n = 200). The intervention focuses on encouraging supportive sun protective attitudes and beliefs, fostering perceptions of normative support for sun protection behaviour, and increasing perceptions of control/self-efficacy over using sun protection. It will be delivered during three × one hour sessions over a three week period from a trained facilitator during class time. Data will be collected one week pre-intervention (Time 1), and at one week (Time 2) and four weeks (Time 3) post-intervention. Primary outcomes are intentions to sun protect and sun protection behaviour. Secondary outcomes include attitudes toward performing sun protective behaviours (i.e., attitudes), perceptions of normative support to sun protect (i.e., subjective norms, group norms, and image norms), and perceived control over performing sun protective behaviours (i.e., perceived behavioural control).

DISCUSSION

The study will provide valuable information about the effectiveness of the intervention in improving the sun protective behaviour of adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Viertel Centre for Research in Cancer Control, Cancer Council Queensland, 553 Gregory Terrace, Fortitude Valley, Brisbane 4006, Australia. anna.hawkes@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22212211

Citation

Hawkes, Anna L., et al. "A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Theory-based Intervention to Improve Sun Protective Behaviour in Adolescents ('you Can Still Be HOT in the Shade'): Study Protocol." BMC Cancer, vol. 12, 2012, p. 1.
Hawkes AL, Hamilton K, White KM, et al. A randomised controlled trial of a theory-based intervention to improve sun protective behaviour in adolescents ('you can still be HOT in the shade'): study protocol. BMC Cancer. 2012;12:1.
Hawkes, A. L., Hamilton, K., White, K. M., & McD Young, R. (2012). A randomised controlled trial of a theory-based intervention to improve sun protective behaviour in adolescents ('you can still be HOT in the shade'): study protocol. BMC Cancer, 12, 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-12-1
Hawkes AL, et al. A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Theory-based Intervention to Improve Sun Protective Behaviour in Adolescents ('you Can Still Be HOT in the Shade'): Study Protocol. BMC Cancer. 2012 Jan 3;12:1. PubMed PMID: 22212211.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A randomised controlled trial of a theory-based intervention to improve sun protective behaviour in adolescents ('you can still be HOT in the shade'): study protocol. AU - Hawkes,Anna L, AU - Hamilton,Kyra, AU - White,Katherine M, AU - McD Young,Ross, Y1 - 2012/01/03/ PY - 2011/11/22/received PY - 2012/01/03/accepted PY - 2012/1/4/entrez PY - 2012/1/4/pubmed PY - 2012/3/21/medline SP - 1 EP - 1 JF - BMC cancer JO - BMC Cancer VL - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: Most skin cancers are preventable by encouraging consistent use of sun protective behaviour. In Australia, adolescents have high levels of knowledge and awareness of the risks of skin cancer but exhibit significantly lower sun protection behaviours than adults. There is limited research aimed at understanding why people do or do not engage in sun protective behaviour, and an associated absence of theory-based interventions to improve sun safe behaviour. This paper presents the study protocol for a school-based intervention which aims to improve the sun safe behaviour of adolescents. METHODS/DESIGN: Approximately 400 adolescents (aged 12-17 years) will be recruited through Queensland, Australia public and private schools and randomized to the intervention (n = 200) or 'wait-list' control group (n = 200). The intervention focuses on encouraging supportive sun protective attitudes and beliefs, fostering perceptions of normative support for sun protection behaviour, and increasing perceptions of control/self-efficacy over using sun protection. It will be delivered during three × one hour sessions over a three week period from a trained facilitator during class time. Data will be collected one week pre-intervention (Time 1), and at one week (Time 2) and four weeks (Time 3) post-intervention. Primary outcomes are intentions to sun protect and sun protection behaviour. Secondary outcomes include attitudes toward performing sun protective behaviours (i.e., attitudes), perceptions of normative support to sun protect (i.e., subjective norms, group norms, and image norms), and perceived control over performing sun protective behaviours (i.e., perceived behavioural control). DISCUSSION: The study will provide valuable information about the effectiveness of the intervention in improving the sun protective behaviour of adolescents. SN - 1471-2407 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22212211/A_randomised_controlled_trial_of_a_theory_based_intervention_to_improve_sun_protective_behaviour_in_adolescents__'you_can_still_be_HOT_in_the_shade'_:_study_protocol_ L2 - https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2407-12-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -