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Nonmotor manifestations in Parkinson disease.
Neurologist. 2012 Jan; 18(1):1-16.N

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although the diagnosis of Parkinson disease (PD) still relies mainly on the appearance of its classical motor features of resting tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural instability, nonmotor manifestations in PD are now recognized as an integral component of this multisystem disorder.

REVIEW SUMMARY

Nonmotor complications in PD occur commonly. The current understanding of cognitive dysfunction; neuropsychiatric manifestations including psychosis, impulsive control, and compulsive disorders, depression, anxiety and apathy; autonomic complications such as hypotension, erectile dysfunction, and urinary complications; sleep disorders and other nonmotor manifestations are summarized in this review.

CONCLUSION

Nonmotor complications often carry a greater impact than motor features in PD. Therefore, heightened awareness and proper recognition of these features are critical in improving a Parkinson patient's quality of life.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Neurologo Clinico, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Bogota, Colombia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22217609

Citation

Bernal-Pacheco, Oscar, et al. "Nonmotor Manifestations in Parkinson Disease." The Neurologist, vol. 18, no. 1, 2012, pp. 1-16.
Bernal-Pacheco O, Limotai N, Go CL, et al. Nonmotor manifestations in Parkinson disease. Neurologist. 2012;18(1):1-16.
Bernal-Pacheco, O., Limotai, N., Go, C. L., & Fernandez, H. H. (2012). Nonmotor manifestations in Parkinson disease. The Neurologist, 18(1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1097/NRL.0b013e31823d7abb
Bernal-Pacheco O, et al. Nonmotor Manifestations in Parkinson Disease. Neurologist. 2012;18(1):1-16. PubMed PMID: 22217609.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nonmotor manifestations in Parkinson disease. AU - Bernal-Pacheco,Oscar, AU - Limotai,Natlada, AU - Go,Criscely L, AU - Fernandez,Hubert H, PY - 2012/1/6/entrez PY - 2012/1/6/pubmed PY - 2012/4/26/medline SP - 1 EP - 16 JF - The neurologist JO - Neurologist VL - 18 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Although the diagnosis of Parkinson disease (PD) still relies mainly on the appearance of its classical motor features of resting tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural instability, nonmotor manifestations in PD are now recognized as an integral component of this multisystem disorder. REVIEW SUMMARY: Nonmotor complications in PD occur commonly. The current understanding of cognitive dysfunction; neuropsychiatric manifestations including psychosis, impulsive control, and compulsive disorders, depression, anxiety and apathy; autonomic complications such as hypotension, erectile dysfunction, and urinary complications; sleep disorders and other nonmotor manifestations are summarized in this review. CONCLUSION: Nonmotor complications often carry a greater impact than motor features in PD. Therefore, heightened awareness and proper recognition of these features are critical in improving a Parkinson patient's quality of life. SN - 2331-2637 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22217609/Nonmotor_manifestations_in_Parkinson_disease_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/NRL.0b013e31823d7abb DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -