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Chemical composition and possible in vitro antigermination activity of three Hypericum essential oils.
Nat Prod Commun. 2011 Nov; 6(11):1735-8.NP

Abstract

The essential oils of Hypericum perforatum, H. perfoliatum and H. hircinum, growing in Southern Italy, were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. In the three oils, 111 compounds in all were identified: 53 for the oil of H. hircinum (93.7% of the total oil), 55 for H. perforatum (96.5% of the total oil) and 63 for H. perfoliatum (98.7% of the total oil). The major fraction of the essential oils of H. perforatum and H. hircinum was represented by sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, while the monoterpene alpha-pinene, and the phenol thymol were the most abundant compounds in the essential oil of H. perfoliatum. The oils were evaluated for their potential in vitro phytotoxic activity against germination and early radicle elongation of Raphanus sativus and Lepidium sativum. The germination of this latter was significantly inhibited by the essential oil of H. hircinum, at the highest doses tested, whereas radicle elongation of garden cress was significantly inhibited by the essential oils of H. perfoliatum and H. hircinum. The radicle elongation of radish was inhibited by the essential oil of H. hircinum to a major extent and by H. perforatum and perfoliatum in a minor measure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Salerno, Via Ponte don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Salerno), Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22224300

Citation

Marandino, Aurelio, et al. "Chemical Composition and Possible in Vitro Antigermination Activity of Three Hypericum Essential Oils." Natural Product Communications, vol. 6, no. 11, 2011, pp. 1735-8.
Marandino A, De Martino L, Mancini E, et al. Chemical composition and possible in vitro antigermination activity of three Hypericum essential oils. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6(11):1735-8.
Marandino, A., De Martino, L., Mancini, E., Milella, L., & De Feo, V. (2011). Chemical composition and possible in vitro antigermination activity of three Hypericum essential oils. Natural Product Communications, 6(11), 1735-8.
Marandino A, et al. Chemical Composition and Possible in Vitro Antigermination Activity of Three Hypericum Essential Oils. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6(11):1735-8. PubMed PMID: 22224300.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chemical composition and possible in vitro antigermination activity of three Hypericum essential oils. AU - Marandino,Aurelio, AU - De Martino,Laura, AU - Mancini,Emilia, AU - Milella,Luigi, AU - De Feo,Vincenzo, PY - 2012/1/10/entrez PY - 2012/1/10/pubmed PY - 2012/2/14/medline SP - 1735 EP - 8 JF - Natural product communications JO - Nat Prod Commun VL - 6 IS - 11 N2 - The essential oils of Hypericum perforatum, H. perfoliatum and H. hircinum, growing in Southern Italy, were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. In the three oils, 111 compounds in all were identified: 53 for the oil of H. hircinum (93.7% of the total oil), 55 for H. perforatum (96.5% of the total oil) and 63 for H. perfoliatum (98.7% of the total oil). The major fraction of the essential oils of H. perforatum and H. hircinum was represented by sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, while the monoterpene alpha-pinene, and the phenol thymol were the most abundant compounds in the essential oil of H. perfoliatum. The oils were evaluated for their potential in vitro phytotoxic activity against germination and early radicle elongation of Raphanus sativus and Lepidium sativum. The germination of this latter was significantly inhibited by the essential oil of H. hircinum, at the highest doses tested, whereas radicle elongation of garden cress was significantly inhibited by the essential oils of H. perfoliatum and H. hircinum. The radicle elongation of radish was inhibited by the essential oil of H. hircinum to a major extent and by H. perforatum and perfoliatum in a minor measure. SN - 1934-578X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22224300/Chemical_composition_and_possible_in_vitro_antigermination_activity_of_three_Hypericum_essential_oils_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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