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Haematological studies on pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian vegetarians compared with Caucasian omnivores.
Br J Nutr. 1990 Sep; 64(2):331-8.BJ

Abstract

Full blood counts, serum ferritin, vitamin B12 and folate, erythrocyte folate concentrations and nutrient intakes were estimated in twenty-three Indian vegetarian, twenty-two Caucasian omnivores and eighteen Caucasian vegetarian women aged 25-40 years. Energy and copper intakes were lower in the Indian women than in the Caucasians. Intakes of dietary fibre, vitamin C and folate were greater and the proportion of energy derived from fat was lower in the vegetarians than in the omnivores. Vitamin B12 and protein intakes were lower in both vegetarian groups than in the omnivores. Fe intake was similar in all the groups but haem Fe provided one-quarter of the Fe intake of the omnivores. Haemoglobin concentrations were generally inside the normal range in all groups, but were lower in the Indians as were mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH). Higher MCV, MCH and lower erythrocyte (RBC) counts were observed in Caucasian vegetarians compared with the Caucasian omnivores. In both groups of vegetarians, concentrations of serum vitamin B12 and ferritin were markedly lower than in the omnivores. RBC folate concentrations were lower in the Indians than in either of the Caucasian groups when subjects taking supplements were excluded. It is concluded that vegetarians need to ensure they have adequate intakes of Fe and vitamin B12.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, King's College (Kensington Campus), London.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2223738

Citation

Reddy, S, and T A. Sanders. "Haematological Studies On Pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian Vegetarians Compared With Caucasian Omnivores." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 64, no. 2, 1990, pp. 331-8.
Reddy S, Sanders TA. Haematological studies on pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian vegetarians compared with Caucasian omnivores. Br J Nutr. 1990;64(2):331-8.
Reddy, S., & Sanders, T. A. (1990). Haematological studies on pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian vegetarians compared with Caucasian omnivores. The British Journal of Nutrition, 64(2), 331-8.
Reddy S, Sanders TA. Haematological Studies On Pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian Vegetarians Compared With Caucasian Omnivores. Br J Nutr. 1990;64(2):331-8. PubMed PMID: 2223738.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Haematological studies on pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian vegetarians compared with Caucasian omnivores. AU - Reddy,S, AU - Sanders,T A, PY - 1990/9/1/pubmed PY - 1990/9/1/medline PY - 1990/9/1/entrez SP - 331 EP - 8 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 64 IS - 2 N2 - Full blood counts, serum ferritin, vitamin B12 and folate, erythrocyte folate concentrations and nutrient intakes were estimated in twenty-three Indian vegetarian, twenty-two Caucasian omnivores and eighteen Caucasian vegetarian women aged 25-40 years. Energy and copper intakes were lower in the Indian women than in the Caucasians. Intakes of dietary fibre, vitamin C and folate were greater and the proportion of energy derived from fat was lower in the vegetarians than in the omnivores. Vitamin B12 and protein intakes were lower in both vegetarian groups than in the omnivores. Fe intake was similar in all the groups but haem Fe provided one-quarter of the Fe intake of the omnivores. Haemoglobin concentrations were generally inside the normal range in all groups, but were lower in the Indians as were mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH). Higher MCV, MCH and lower erythrocyte (RBC) counts were observed in Caucasian vegetarians compared with the Caucasian omnivores. In both groups of vegetarians, concentrations of serum vitamin B12 and ferritin were markedly lower than in the omnivores. RBC folate concentrations were lower in the Indians than in either of the Caucasian groups when subjects taking supplements were excluded. It is concluded that vegetarians need to ensure they have adequate intakes of Fe and vitamin B12. SN - 0007-1145 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2223738/Haematological_studies_on_pre_menopausal_Indian_and_Caucasian_vegetarians_compared_with_Caucasian_omnivores_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114590001118/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -