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Sex differences in the relationship between socioeconomic status and metabolic syndrome: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Abstract

AIMS

To investigate sex differences in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean adults.

METHODS

We examined the relationship between SES, as measured by household income or education level, and the prevalence of MetS in Korean adults who participated in the 2007-2008 Korean National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey (KNHANES). The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for MetS were calculated using multivariate logistic regression analysis across household income and education level quartiles.

RESULTS

We found significant differences between men and women in the association between SES and MetS, with a positive association for men and an inverse association for women. The adjusted OR and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for MetS for the highest vs. lowest quartile of household income was 1.59 (1.15-2.20) in men. The adjusted ORs for MetS for the highest vs. lowest quartile of household income and education level were 0.54 (0.41-0.72) and 0.26 (0.17-0.38) in women, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

We found sex differences in the relationship between SES and the prevalence of MetS in Korea. These findings suggest that sex-specific public health interventions that consider SES are needed for the prevention and treatment of MetS.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Family Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

    , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Alcohol Drinking
    Asian Continental Ancestry Group
    Blood Glucose
    Body Mass Index
    Female
    Humans
    Lipoproteins, HDL
    Logistic Models
    Male
    Metabolic Syndrome
    Multivariate Analysis
    Nutrition Surveys
    Prevalence
    Republic of Korea
    Sex Characteristics
    Smoking
    Social Class
    Triglycerides
    Waist Circumference

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22245695

    Citation

    Park, So-Jung, et al. "Sex Differences in the Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status and Metabolic Syndrome: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey." Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 96, no. 3, 2012, pp. 400-6.
    Park SJ, Kang HT, Nam CM, et al. Sex differences in the relationship between socioeconomic status and metabolic syndrome: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2012;96(3):400-6.
    Park, S. J., Kang, H. T., Nam, C. M., Park, B. J., Linton, J. A., & Lee, Y. J. (2012). Sex differences in the relationship between socioeconomic status and metabolic syndrome: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 96(3), pp. 400-6. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2011.12.025.
    Park SJ, et al. Sex Differences in the Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status and Metabolic Syndrome: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2012;96(3):400-6. PubMed PMID: 22245695.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Sex differences in the relationship between socioeconomic status and metabolic syndrome: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. AU - Park,So-Jung, AU - Kang,Hee-Taik, AU - Nam,Chung-Mo, AU - Park,Byoung-Jin, AU - Linton,John A, AU - Lee,Yong-Jae, Y1 - 2012/01/15/ PY - 2011/10/31/received PY - 2011/12/08/revised PY - 2011/12/15/accepted PY - 2012/1/17/entrez PY - 2012/1/17/pubmed PY - 2012/10/20/medline SP - 400 EP - 6 JF - Diabetes research and clinical practice JO - Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract. VL - 96 IS - 3 N2 - AIMS: To investigate sex differences in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean adults. METHODS: We examined the relationship between SES, as measured by household income or education level, and the prevalence of MetS in Korean adults who participated in the 2007-2008 Korean National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey (KNHANES). The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for MetS were calculated using multivariate logistic regression analysis across household income and education level quartiles. RESULTS: We found significant differences between men and women in the association between SES and MetS, with a positive association for men and an inverse association for women. The adjusted OR and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for MetS for the highest vs. lowest quartile of household income was 1.59 (1.15-2.20) in men. The adjusted ORs for MetS for the highest vs. lowest quartile of household income and education level were 0.54 (0.41-0.72) and 0.26 (0.17-0.38) in women, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We found sex differences in the relationship between SES and the prevalence of MetS in Korea. These findings suggest that sex-specific public health interventions that consider SES are needed for the prevention and treatment of MetS. SN - 1872-8227 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22245695/Sex_differences_in_the_relationship_between_socioeconomic_status_and_metabolic_syndrome:_the_Korean_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0168-8227(11)00707-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -