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Health benefits of nut consumption.
Nutrients. 2010 Jul; 2(7):652-82.N

Abstract

Nuts (tree nuts and peanuts) are nutrient dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty and other bioactive compounds: high-quality vegetable protein, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and phenolic compounds. By virtue of their unique composition, nuts are likely to beneficially impact health outcomes. Epidemiologic studies have associated nut consumption with a reduced incidence of coronary heart disease and gallstones in both genders and diabetes in women. Limited evidence also suggests beneficial effects on hypertension, cancer, and inflammation. Interventional studies consistently show that nut intake has a cholesterol-lowering effect, even in the context of healthy diets, and there is emerging evidence of beneficial effects on oxidative stress, inflammation, and vascular reactivity. Blood pressure, visceral adiposity and the metabolic syndrome also appear to be positively influenced by nut consumption. Thus it is clear that nuts have a beneficial impact on many cardiovascular risk factors. Contrary to expectations, epidemiologic studies and clinical trials suggest that regular nut consumption is unlikely to contribute to obesity and may even help in weight loss. Safety concerns are limited to the infrequent occurrence of nut allergy in children. In conclusion, nuts are nutrient rich foods with wide-ranging cardiovascular and metabolic benefits, which can be readily incorporated into healthy diets.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Lipid Clinic, Endocrinology and Nutrition Service, Institutd'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pii Sunyer, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona and Ciber Fisiopatología de la Obesidady Nutrición (CIBERobn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain. eros@clinic.ub.es

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22254047

Citation

Ros, Emilio. "Health Benefits of Nut Consumption." Nutrients, vol. 2, no. 7, 2010, pp. 652-82.
Ros E. Health benefits of nut consumption. Nutrients. 2010;2(7):652-82.
Ros, E. (2010). Health benefits of nut consumption. Nutrients, 2(7), 652-82. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu2070683
Ros E. Health Benefits of Nut Consumption. Nutrients. 2010;2(7):652-82. PubMed PMID: 22254047.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Health benefits of nut consumption. A1 - Ros,Emilio, Y1 - 2010/06/24/ PY - 2010/05/14/received PY - 2010/06/01/revised PY - 2010/06/17/accepted PY - 2012/1/19/entrez PY - 2010/7/1/pubmed PY - 2012/3/30/medline KW - antioxidants KW - cardiovascular disease KW - cholesterol KW - diabetes KW - fatty acids KW - inflammation KW - peanuts KW - tree nuts SP - 652 EP - 82 JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 2 IS - 7 N2 - Nuts (tree nuts and peanuts) are nutrient dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty and other bioactive compounds: high-quality vegetable protein, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and phenolic compounds. By virtue of their unique composition, nuts are likely to beneficially impact health outcomes. Epidemiologic studies have associated nut consumption with a reduced incidence of coronary heart disease and gallstones in both genders and diabetes in women. Limited evidence also suggests beneficial effects on hypertension, cancer, and inflammation. Interventional studies consistently show that nut intake has a cholesterol-lowering effect, even in the context of healthy diets, and there is emerging evidence of beneficial effects on oxidative stress, inflammation, and vascular reactivity. Blood pressure, visceral adiposity and the metabolic syndrome also appear to be positively influenced by nut consumption. Thus it is clear that nuts have a beneficial impact on many cardiovascular risk factors. Contrary to expectations, epidemiologic studies and clinical trials suggest that regular nut consumption is unlikely to contribute to obesity and may even help in weight loss. Safety concerns are limited to the infrequent occurrence of nut allergy in children. In conclusion, nuts are nutrient rich foods with wide-ranging cardiovascular and metabolic benefits, which can be readily incorporated into healthy diets. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22254047/Health_benefits_of_nut_consumption_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nutrients-02-00652 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -