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Misreporting of energy intake in the 2007 Australian Children's Survey: identification, characteristics and impact of misreporters.
Nutrients. 2011 02; 3(2):186-99.N

Abstract

Misreporting of energy intake (EI) is a common problem in national surveys. The aim of this study was to identify misreporters using a variety of criteria, examine the impact of misreporting on the association between EI and weight status, and to define the characteristics of misreporters in the 2007 Australian Children's Survey. Data from the 2007 Australian Children's Survey which included 4800 children aged 2-16 years were used to examine the extent of misreporting based on EI, physical activity level (PAL), age, gender, height and weight status. Three options for identifying misreporters using the Goldberg cut-offs were explored as was direct comparison of EI to energy expenditure (TEE) in a subset of children. Linear regression was used to determine the impact of misreporting on the association between EI and weight status. The prevalence of under-reporting among all children varied from 5.0% to 6.7%, and over-reporting from 1.6% to 3.0% depending on the option used. Direct comparison of EI to TEE revealed similar results. Regression analysis showed that excluding misreporters provided the best model to examine cross-sectional associations between EI and BMI. Characteristics associated with under-reporting included older age, female, higher BMI, higher PAL, living in an urban location, lower parental education level and feeling unwell on the survey day. Over-reporting was more common among children with a lower BMI and lower PAL. In conclusion, misreporting of EI is present among various subgroups of the 2007 Australian Children's Survey. The impact of misreporting on the association between EI and body weight should be recognised by users of this survey.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cluster for Public Health Nutrition, Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition and Exercise, The University of Sydney, 2006 NSW, Australia. anna.rangan@sydney.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22254091

Citation

Rangan, Anna M., et al. "Misreporting of Energy Intake in the 2007 Australian Children's Survey: Identification, Characteristics and Impact of Misreporters." Nutrients, vol. 3, no. 2, 2011, pp. 186-99.
Rangan AM, Flood VM, Gill TP. Misreporting of energy intake in the 2007 Australian Children's Survey: identification, characteristics and impact of misreporters. Nutrients. 2011;3(2):186-99.
Rangan, A. M., Flood, V. M., & Gill, T. P. (2011). Misreporting of energy intake in the 2007 Australian Children's Survey: identification, characteristics and impact of misreporters. Nutrients, 3(2), 186-99. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu3020186
Rangan AM, Flood VM, Gill TP. Misreporting of Energy Intake in the 2007 Australian Children's Survey: Identification, Characteristics and Impact of Misreporters. Nutrients. 2011;3(2):186-99. PubMed PMID: 22254091.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Misreporting of energy intake in the 2007 Australian Children's Survey: identification, characteristics and impact of misreporters. AU - Rangan,Anna M, AU - Flood,Victoria M, AU - Gill,Timothy P, Y1 - 2011/02/08/ PY - 2010/12/21/received PY - 2011/01/19/revised PY - 2011/01/29/accepted PY - 2012/1/19/entrez PY - 2012/1/19/pubmed PY - 2012/6/7/medline KW - Australia KW - child nutritional physiological phenomena KW - children KW - energy intake KW - nutrition survey SP - 186 EP - 99 JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 3 IS - 2 N2 - Misreporting of energy intake (EI) is a common problem in national surveys. The aim of this study was to identify misreporters using a variety of criteria, examine the impact of misreporting on the association between EI and weight status, and to define the characteristics of misreporters in the 2007 Australian Children's Survey. Data from the 2007 Australian Children's Survey which included 4800 children aged 2-16 years were used to examine the extent of misreporting based on EI, physical activity level (PAL), age, gender, height and weight status. Three options for identifying misreporters using the Goldberg cut-offs were explored as was direct comparison of EI to energy expenditure (TEE) in a subset of children. Linear regression was used to determine the impact of misreporting on the association between EI and weight status. The prevalence of under-reporting among all children varied from 5.0% to 6.7%, and over-reporting from 1.6% to 3.0% depending on the option used. Direct comparison of EI to TEE revealed similar results. Regression analysis showed that excluding misreporters provided the best model to examine cross-sectional associations between EI and BMI. Characteristics associated with under-reporting included older age, female, higher BMI, higher PAL, living in an urban location, lower parental education level and feeling unwell on the survey day. Over-reporting was more common among children with a lower BMI and lower PAL. In conclusion, misreporting of EI is present among various subgroups of the 2007 Australian Children's Survey. The impact of misreporting on the association between EI and body weight should be recognised by users of this survey. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22254091/Misreporting_of_energy_intake_in_the_2007_Australian_Children's_Survey:_identification_characteristics_and_impact_of_misreporters_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu3020186 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -