Identification of human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases involved in N-carbamoyl glucuronidation of lorcaserin.Drug Metab Dispos. 2012 Apr; 40(4):772-8.DM
Lorcaserin, a selective serotonin 5-HT(2C) receptor agonist, is a weight management agent in clinical development. Lorcaserin N-carbamoyl glucuronidation governs the predominant excretory pathway of lorcaserin in humans. Human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) responsible for lorcaserin N-carbamoyl glucuronidation are identified herein. Lorcaserin N-carbamoyl glucuronide formation was characterized by the following approaches: metabolic screening using human tissues (liver, kidney, intestine, and lung) and recombinant enzymes, kinetic analyses, and inhibition studies. Whereas microsomes from all human tissues studied herein were found to be catalytically active for lorcaserin N-carbamoyl glucuronidation, liver microsomes were the most efficient. With recombinant UGT enzymes, lorcaserin N-carbamoyl glucuronidation was predominantly catalyzed by three UGT2Bs (UGT2B7, UGT2B15, and UGT2B17), whereas two UGT1As (UGT1A6 and UGT1A9) played a minor role. UGT2B15 was most efficient, with an apparent K(m) value of 51.6 ± 1.9 μM and V(max) value of 237.4 ± 2.8 pmol/mg protein/min. The rank order of catalytic efficiency of human UGT enzymes for lorcaserin N-carbamoyl glucuronidation was UGT2B15 > UGT2B7 > UGT2B17 > UGT1A9 > UGT1A6. Inhibition of lorcaserin N-carbamoyl glucuronidation activities of UGT2B7, UGT2B15, and UGT2B17 in human liver microsomes by mefenamic acid, bisphenol A, and eugenol further substantiated the involvement of these UGT2B isoforms. In conclusion, multiple human UGT enzymes catalyze N-carbamoyl glucuronidation of lorcaserin; therefore, it is unlikely that inhibition of any one of these UGT activities will lead to significant inhibition of the lorcaserin N-carbamoyl glucuronidation pathway. Thus, the potential for drug-drug interaction by concomitant administration of a drug(s) that is metabolized by any of these UGTs is remote.