Reduced-fluence photodynamic therapy combined with intravitreal bevacizumab for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy.Am J Ophthalmol 2012; 153(5):873-882.e2AJ
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of reduced-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT) combined with bevacizumab for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV).
Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series.
Sixteen treatment-naïve patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy were treated with reduced-fluence PDT combined with bevacizumab. All patients were followed up monthly for 12 months with measurements of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central foveal thickness by optical coherence tomography. Indocyanine green angiography and fluorescein angiography were performed every 3 months. Patients were re-treated with reduced-fluence PDT combined with bevacizumab or with sole injection of bevacizumab when indicated.
The mean logMAR BCVA showed significant improvement from 0.76 at baseline to 0.46 at 12 months (P = .002). At 12 months, the BCVA improved in 9 eyes (56.3%) by 3 lines or more, was stable in 6 eyes (37.5%), and decreased in 1 eye (6.3%) because of recurrence of polyps. During the study period, 3 patients (18.8%) had recurrence of polyps and 2 patients (12.5%) had persistent polyps. Mean episodes of reduced-fluence PDT and mean injections of intravitreal bevacizumab over 12 months were 1.44 and 2.44, respectively. Although 3 patients had mild choroidal nonperfusion-1 eye after 1 session of PDT and 2 eyes after 2 sessions-no severe complications, including endophthalmitis, uveitis, or subretinal hemorrhage, developed.
Reduced-fluence PDT combined with bevacizumab for PCV seemed to be effective for improving vision and reducing complications. Further study to optimize the light dose of PDT in combination therapy is needed in order to achieve better treatment outcomes for PCV.