Comparison of extraction procedures for assessment of matrix effect for selective and reliable determination of atazanavir in human plasma by LC-ESI-MS/MS.J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2012 Feb 15; 885-886:138-49.JC
A comparative study with three conventional extraction techniques namely protein precipitation (PP), liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) and solid phase extraction (SPE) has been demonstrated to assess the magnitude of matrix interference by post-column analyte infusion and post extraction analyte spiking for the determination of atazanavir from human plasma. Severe ion suppression observed in PP and to a lesser extent in LLE was circumvented by SPE on LiChrosep Sequence extraction cartridge. Based on these observations a selective, rugged and high throughput SPE-LC-MS/MS method has been developed for reliable determination of atazanavir in human plasma. The chromatographic separation was achieved on a Hypersil Gold C18 (50mm×4.6mm, 5μm) analytical column using 5mM ammonium formate in water:methanol (10:90, v/v) as the mobile phase under isocratic conditions. The method was validated over a wide dynamic concentration range of 10-6000ng/mL. The mean relative recovery and absolute matrix effect across quality controls were 84.9 and 93.2%, respectively. The precision value for relative matrix effect between eight different lots of plasma, expressed as %CV of the slopes of the calibration lines was 2.41. The stability of atazanavir under different storage conditions varied from -8.4 to 5.4%. The method was successfully applied to a bioequivalence study of 300mg atazanavir capsule formulation in 24 healthy Indian males under fasting condition.