[Do we need endoscopic sclerotherapy of oesophageal varices or the last turn off the light].Vnitr Lek. 2011 Dec; 57(12):989-92.VL
For the primary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding endoscopic band ligation has been shown to be as effective as non-selective beta-blockers (carvedilol), but variceal injection sclerotherapy is not generaly recommended in this setting because of higher rate of complications and lower effect in reducing either bleeding or mortality. Endoscopic management of acutely bleeding gastroesophageal varices includes injection sclerotherapy, rubber band ligation, and variceal obturation with tissue adhesives. Variceal injection sclerotherapy remains a quick, simple and cheap technique for the control of active bleeding from esophageal varices, but is associated with more rebleeding than variceal band ligation, which is now preferred also for lower rate of complications. Endoscopic sclerotherapy has increasingly been replaced by ligation also in secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding. The studies showed that band ligation can eradicate varices in fewer sessions, re-bleeding and complications were fewer in comparison with variceal injection sclerotherapy. Because of the reduced efficacy, severe complications, and the high mortality associated with using conventional sclerosants in acute bleeding gastric varices, the technique of injecting tissue adhesives has been studied, described and used despite numerous complications. Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy of esophageal varices remains usable as an oldest method in arresting of this hemorrhage only in rare cases when the band ligation is not available.