Determination of the plasma pharmacokinetic and tissue distributions of swertiamarin in rats by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry.Arzneimittelforschung. 2012 Mar; 62(3):138-44.A
An LC-MS/MS method was developed for the quantification of swertiamarin (CAS 17388-39-5) in rat plasma and tissues using gentiopicroside as the internal standard (IS). Swertiamarin and an IS were extracted from plasma and tissues by a simple solid-phase extraction (SPE) procedure. Separation was achieved on a Phenomenex kinetex-C18 column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 2.6 µm) with an isocratic mobile phase consisting of methanol and water (22:78, v/v) with 0.1% acetic acid at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. The analyte and IS were detected by negative ion electrospray ionisation in multiple-reaction monitoring mode while monitoring the transitions of m/z 433 [M + CH3COO] - →179 and m/z 415 [M + CH3COO] - →179 for swertiamarin and the IS, respectively. The method was validated with respect to selectivity, matrix effect, linearity, accuracy, precision, recovery and stability. The method was successfully applied in a pharmacokinetic study of swertiamarin after intravenous and oral administration to rats. The pharmacokinetics of swertiamarin showed rapid absorption and elimination, and its absolute bioavailability was low at 10.3%. After oral administration to rats, swertiamarin was rapidly and widely distributed in its tissues. High concentrations were found in the liver and kidney, indicating that swertiamarin was possibly absorbed in the liver and eliminated by the kidney.