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The pill and cancer: a review of the literature. A case of swings and roundabouts?
J Adv Nurs. 1990 Sep; 15(9):1016-20.JA

Abstract

The literature review has been carried out to determine the effects of the contraceptive pill in relation to the development of certain cancers. Current research findings are presented, in an attempt to evaluate the risks and benefits associated with oral contraceptive use. Particular attention is paid to the findings of a recent United Kingdom National Study, which supports the controversial link between the pill and breast cancer. The actions of the combined oral contraceptive pill and the progesterone-only pill are explored regarding their influence on the ovarian, breast, endometrial and cervical cancers. A background to the incidence and risk factors associated with these cancers is given. Included is a brief analysis of long and short-term use, dose variability and chemistry of the pill. It emerges through the literature that the pill clearly has a protective function in relation to cancers of the ovary and the endometrium. However, its influence on the development of breast cancer and cervical cancer remains irresolute pending further research. In the absence of firm guidelines for advice to clients concerning the sensible use of oral contraceptives, proposals are included for a more reasoned approach to choice.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Royal Marsden Hospital, London, England.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2229699

Citation

Knowlden, H A.. "The Pill and Cancer: a Review of the Literature. a Case of Swings and Roundabouts?" Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 15, no. 9, 1990, pp. 1016-20.
Knowlden HA. The pill and cancer: a review of the literature. A case of swings and roundabouts? J Adv Nurs. 1990;15(9):1016-20.
Knowlden, H. A. (1990). The pill and cancer: a review of the literature. A case of swings and roundabouts? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 15(9), 1016-20.
Knowlden HA. The Pill and Cancer: a Review of the Literature. a Case of Swings and Roundabouts. J Adv Nurs. 1990;15(9):1016-20. PubMed PMID: 2229699.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The pill and cancer: a review of the literature. A case of swings and roundabouts? A1 - Knowlden,H A, PY - 1990/9/1/pubmed PY - 1990/9/1/medline PY - 1990/9/1/entrez KW - Breast Cancer KW - Cancer KW - Cervical Cancer KW - Contraception KW - Contraceptive Agents, Female--pharmacodynamics KW - Contraceptive Agents, Progestin--pharmacodynamics KW - Contraceptive Agents--pharmacodynamics KW - Contraceptive Methods--pharmacodynamics KW - Developed Countries KW - Diseases KW - Endometrial Cancer KW - Europe KW - Examinations And Diagnoses KW - Family Planning KW - Literature Review KW - Neoplasms KW - Northern Europe KW - Oral Contraceptives, Combined--pharmacodynamics KW - Oral Contraceptives--pharmacodynamics KW - Ovarian Cancer KW - Screening KW - United Kingdom SP - 1016 EP - 20 JF - Journal of advanced nursing JO - J Adv Nurs VL - 15 IS - 9 N2 - The literature review has been carried out to determine the effects of the contraceptive pill in relation to the development of certain cancers. Current research findings are presented, in an attempt to evaluate the risks and benefits associated with oral contraceptive use. Particular attention is paid to the findings of a recent United Kingdom National Study, which supports the controversial link between the pill and breast cancer. The actions of the combined oral contraceptive pill and the progesterone-only pill are explored regarding their influence on the ovarian, breast, endometrial and cervical cancers. A background to the incidence and risk factors associated with these cancers is given. Included is a brief analysis of long and short-term use, dose variability and chemistry of the pill. It emerges through the literature that the pill clearly has a protective function in relation to cancers of the ovary and the endometrium. However, its influence on the development of breast cancer and cervical cancer remains irresolute pending further research. In the absence of firm guidelines for advice to clients concerning the sensible use of oral contraceptives, proposals are included for a more reasoned approach to choice. SN - 0309-2402 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2229699/The_pill_and_cancer:_a_review_of_the_literature__A_case_of_swings_and_roundabouts L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0309-2402&date=1990&volume=15&issue=9&spage=1016 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -