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The association between leisure-time physical activities and asthma symptoms among 10- to 12-year-old children: the effect of living environment in the PANACEA study.
J Asthma. 2012 May; 49(4):342-8.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study evaluated the interrelationships of living environment, physical activity, lifestyle/dietary habits, and nutritional status on the prevalence of childhood asthma.

METHODS

In a cross-sectional survey 1125 children (529 boys), 10 to 12 years old, were selected from 18 schools located in an urban environment (Athens, n = 700) and from 10 schools located in rural areas (n = 425) in Greece.

RESULTS

Children living in Athens had higher likelihood of "ever had" asthma compared with children living in rural areas (odds ratio (OR) = 1.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.25-2.54), after adjusting for age and sex. After adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (KIDMED score), leisure-time physical activity was inversely associated with "ever had" asthma. When stratifying by county of residence, a trend toward reduced asthma symptoms among children engaged in outdoor physical activities during their leisure time who reside in rural (but not urban) environment was observed (OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.77-1.01).

CONCLUSIONS

The inverse relationship between asthma symptoms and leisure-time physical activity in the rural environment and the lack of an association between asthma symptoms and organized sports-related activities should draw the attention of public healthcare authorities. Their efforts should focus on the planning of a sustainable natural environment, which will promote the physical health of children and reduce the burden of childhood asthma.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22300140

Citation

Kosti, Rena I., et al. "The Association Between Leisure-time Physical Activities and Asthma Symptoms Among 10- to 12-year-old Children: the Effect of Living Environment in the PANACEA Study." The Journal of Asthma : Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma, vol. 49, no. 4, 2012, pp. 342-8.
Kosti RI, Priftis KN, Anthracopoulos MB, et al. The association between leisure-time physical activities and asthma symptoms among 10- to 12-year-old children: the effect of living environment in the PANACEA study. J Asthma. 2012;49(4):342-8.
Kosti, R. I., Priftis, K. N., Anthracopoulos, M. B., Papadimitriou, A., Grigoropoulou, D., Lentzas, Y., Yfanti, K., & Panagiotakos, D. B. (2012). The association between leisure-time physical activities and asthma symptoms among 10- to 12-year-old children: the effect of living environment in the PANACEA study. The Journal of Asthma : Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma, 49(4), 342-8. https://doi.org/10.3109/02770903.2011.652328
Kosti RI, et al. The Association Between Leisure-time Physical Activities and Asthma Symptoms Among 10- to 12-year-old Children: the Effect of Living Environment in the PANACEA Study. J Asthma. 2012;49(4):342-8. PubMed PMID: 22300140.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The association between leisure-time physical activities and asthma symptoms among 10- to 12-year-old children: the effect of living environment in the PANACEA study. AU - Kosti,Rena I, AU - Priftis,Kostas N, AU - Anthracopoulos,Michael B, AU - Papadimitriou,Anastasios, AU - Grigoropoulou,Dimitra, AU - Lentzas,Yiannis, AU - Yfanti,Konstantina, AU - Panagiotakos,Demosthenes B, Y1 - 2012/02/02/ PY - 2012/2/4/entrez PY - 2012/2/4/pubmed PY - 2012/9/5/medline SP - 342 EP - 8 JF - The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma JO - J Asthma VL - 49 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the interrelationships of living environment, physical activity, lifestyle/dietary habits, and nutritional status on the prevalence of childhood asthma. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey 1125 children (529 boys), 10 to 12 years old, were selected from 18 schools located in an urban environment (Athens, n = 700) and from 10 schools located in rural areas (n = 425) in Greece. RESULTS: Children living in Athens had higher likelihood of "ever had" asthma compared with children living in rural areas (odds ratio (OR) = 1.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.25-2.54), after adjusting for age and sex. After adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (KIDMED score), leisure-time physical activity was inversely associated with "ever had" asthma. When stratifying by county of residence, a trend toward reduced asthma symptoms among children engaged in outdoor physical activities during their leisure time who reside in rural (but not urban) environment was observed (OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.77-1.01). CONCLUSIONS: The inverse relationship between asthma symptoms and leisure-time physical activity in the rural environment and the lack of an association between asthma symptoms and organized sports-related activities should draw the attention of public healthcare authorities. Their efforts should focus on the planning of a sustainable natural environment, which will promote the physical health of children and reduce the burden of childhood asthma. SN - 1532-4303 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22300140/The_association_between_leisure_time_physical_activities_and_asthma_symptoms_among_10__to_12_year_old_children:_the_effect_of_living_environment_in_the_PANACEA_study_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/02770903.2011.652328 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -