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Cigarette smoking, illicit drug use, and routes of administration among heroin and cocaine users.
Addict Behav. 2012 May; 37(5):678-81.AB

Abstract

Cigarette smoking is ubiquitous among illicit drug users. Some have speculated that this may be partially due to similarities in the route of administration. However, research examining the relationship between cigarette smoking and routes of administration of illicit drugs is limited. To address this gap, we investigated sociodemographic and drug use factors associated with cigarette smoking among cocaine and heroin users in the Baltimore, Maryland community (N=576). Regular and heavy cigarette smokers were more likely to be White, have a history of a prior marriage, and have a lower education level. Regular smoking of marijuana and crack was associated with cigarette smoking, but not heavy cigarette smoking. Injection use was more common among heavy cigarette smokers. In particular, regular cigarette smokers were more likely to have a lifetime history of regularly injecting heroin. Optimal prevention and treatment outcomes can only occur through a comprehensive understanding of the interrelations between different substances of abuse.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Mental Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. pharrell@jhsph.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22305644

Citation

Harrell, P T., et al. "Cigarette Smoking, Illicit Drug Use, and Routes of Administration Among Heroin and Cocaine Users." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 37, no. 5, 2012, pp. 678-81.
Harrell PT, Trenz RC, Scherer M, et al. Cigarette smoking, illicit drug use, and routes of administration among heroin and cocaine users. Addict Behav. 2012;37(5):678-81.
Harrell, P. T., Trenz, R. C., Scherer, M., Pacek, L. R., & Latimer, W. W. (2012). Cigarette smoking, illicit drug use, and routes of administration among heroin and cocaine users. Addictive Behaviors, 37(5), 678-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.01.011
Harrell PT, et al. Cigarette Smoking, Illicit Drug Use, and Routes of Administration Among Heroin and Cocaine Users. Addict Behav. 2012;37(5):678-81. PubMed PMID: 22305644.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cigarette smoking, illicit drug use, and routes of administration among heroin and cocaine users. AU - Harrell,P T, AU - Trenz,R C, AU - Scherer,M, AU - Pacek,L R, AU - Latimer,W W, Y1 - 2012/01/17/ PY - 2011/01/14/received PY - 2011/09/24/revised PY - 2012/01/10/accepted PY - 2012/2/7/entrez PY - 2012/2/7/pubmed PY - 2012/5/31/medline SP - 678 EP - 81 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 37 IS - 5 N2 - Cigarette smoking is ubiquitous among illicit drug users. Some have speculated that this may be partially due to similarities in the route of administration. However, research examining the relationship between cigarette smoking and routes of administration of illicit drugs is limited. To address this gap, we investigated sociodemographic and drug use factors associated with cigarette smoking among cocaine and heroin users in the Baltimore, Maryland community (N=576). Regular and heavy cigarette smokers were more likely to be White, have a history of a prior marriage, and have a lower education level. Regular smoking of marijuana and crack was associated with cigarette smoking, but not heavy cigarette smoking. Injection use was more common among heavy cigarette smokers. In particular, regular cigarette smokers were more likely to have a lifetime history of regularly injecting heroin. Optimal prevention and treatment outcomes can only occur through a comprehensive understanding of the interrelations between different substances of abuse. SN - 1873-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22305644/Cigarette_smoking_illicit_drug_use_and_routes_of_administration_among_heroin_and_cocaine_users_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(12)00012-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -