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[Assessment of energy and macronutrients supply in daily food rations of people exposed to hand transmitted vibrations].
Med Pr 2011; 62(6):583-90MP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Occupational exposure of workers to mechanical hand transmitted vibrations may result in the development of nonspecific lesions. Balanced diet is one of factors that protect human organism against abnormalities resulting from occupational exposure. The aim of this study was to assess the supply of energy and macronutrients in daily food rations (DFR) of people exposed to hand transmitted vibration.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Eighty workers, including 37 men (mean age 44.6 years) and 43 women (mean age 44 years) exposed to hand transmitted vibrations were recruited in this study. Of those, 72 people worked in crystal glassworks as glass cutters, 5 people were physiotherapists and 3 were woodcutters. For all workers, there was measured exposure to hand transmitted vibration. Nutritional status was assessed using 24-hour dietary recall; the procedure was repeated 3 times. The results of the nutritional assessment were compared with recommended daily allowances (RDA) for energy, protein, minerals and vitamins, total carbohydrates, total fat, saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), cholesterol and dietary fibre.

RESULTS

The average intake of energy in daily food rations of the women was too low while men received the appropriate amount of energy. Average protein intake by men and women was higher than the relevant RDA. The average amount of carbohydrates received by the surveyed women and men were too low, just as the consumption of PUFA, dietary fibre, potassium and calcium. We also found an excessive, average supply of total fat, MUFA, SFA, cholesterol and most of the vitamins with the DFR of the women and men.

CONCLUSIONS

The nutrition in the group of workers exposed to hand transmitted vibration was found to be imbalanced due to excessive intakes of total fat, saturated fatty acids and cholesterol combined with insufficient consumption of carbohydrates, dietary fibres, potassium and calcium. The co-occurrence of vibration and imbalanced diet may increase the susceptibility of the subjects to cardiovascular and bone diseases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Akademia Medyczna, Wroclaw. kasiazablocka@tlen.plNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

pol

PubMed ID

22312950

Citation

Zabłocka-Słowińska, Katarzyna, et al. "[Assessment of Energy and Macronutrients Supply in Daily Food Rations of People Exposed to Hand Transmitted Vibrations]." Medycyna Pracy, vol. 62, no. 6, 2011, pp. 583-90.
Zabłocka-Słowińska K, Limburska J, Prescha A, et al. [Assessment of energy and macronutrients supply in daily food rations of people exposed to hand transmitted vibrations]. Med Pr. 2011;62(6):583-90.
Zabłocka-Słowińska, K., Limburska, J., Prescha, A., Pieczyńska, J., Tomczyk, J., & Grajeta, H. (2011). [Assessment of energy and macronutrients supply in daily food rations of people exposed to hand transmitted vibrations]. Medycyna Pracy, 62(6), pp. 583-90.
Zabłocka-Słowińska K, et al. [Assessment of Energy and Macronutrients Supply in Daily Food Rations of People Exposed to Hand Transmitted Vibrations]. Med Pr. 2011;62(6):583-90. PubMed PMID: 22312950.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Assessment of energy and macronutrients supply in daily food rations of people exposed to hand transmitted vibrations]. AU - Zabłocka-Słowińska,Katarzyna, AU - Limburska,Joanna, AU - Prescha,Anna, AU - Pieczyńska,Joanna, AU - Tomczyk,Jarosław, AU - Grajeta,Halina, PY - 2012/2/9/entrez PY - 2012/2/9/pubmed PY - 2012/3/1/medline SP - 583 EP - 90 JF - Medycyna pracy JO - Med Pr VL - 62 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure of workers to mechanical hand transmitted vibrations may result in the development of nonspecific lesions. Balanced diet is one of factors that protect human organism against abnormalities resulting from occupational exposure. The aim of this study was to assess the supply of energy and macronutrients in daily food rations (DFR) of people exposed to hand transmitted vibration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty workers, including 37 men (mean age 44.6 years) and 43 women (mean age 44 years) exposed to hand transmitted vibrations were recruited in this study. Of those, 72 people worked in crystal glassworks as glass cutters, 5 people were physiotherapists and 3 were woodcutters. For all workers, there was measured exposure to hand transmitted vibration. Nutritional status was assessed using 24-hour dietary recall; the procedure was repeated 3 times. The results of the nutritional assessment were compared with recommended daily allowances (RDA) for energy, protein, minerals and vitamins, total carbohydrates, total fat, saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), cholesterol and dietary fibre. RESULTS: The average intake of energy in daily food rations of the women was too low while men received the appropriate amount of energy. Average protein intake by men and women was higher than the relevant RDA. The average amount of carbohydrates received by the surveyed women and men were too low, just as the consumption of PUFA, dietary fibre, potassium and calcium. We also found an excessive, average supply of total fat, MUFA, SFA, cholesterol and most of the vitamins with the DFR of the women and men. CONCLUSIONS: The nutrition in the group of workers exposed to hand transmitted vibration was found to be imbalanced due to excessive intakes of total fat, saturated fatty acids and cholesterol combined with insufficient consumption of carbohydrates, dietary fibres, potassium and calcium. The co-occurrence of vibration and imbalanced diet may increase the susceptibility of the subjects to cardiovascular and bone diseases. SN - 0465-5893 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22312950/[Assessment_of_energy_and_macronutrients_supply_in_daily_food_rations_of_people_exposed_to_hand_transmitted_vibrations]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/occupationalhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -