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Fatty acids, tocopherols, selenium and total carotene of pistachios (P. vera L.) from Diyarbakir (Southeastern Turkey) and walnuts (J. regia L.) from Erzincan (Eastern Turkey).
Food Sci Technol Int. 2012 Feb; 18(1):55-62.FS

Abstract

In this study, 14 well-adapted genotypes of pistachio (Pistachio vera L.) grown in Diyarbakır (Southeastern Turkey) and 15 walnut (Juglans regia L.) genotypes grown in Erzincan (Eastern Turkey) have been studied. Pistachio genotypes contained 8.16-9.33% palmitic acid, 0.54-0.68% palmitoleic acid, 2.35-4.21% stearic acid, 67.81-76.82% oleic acid, 9.42-18:32% linoleic acid, 0.27-0.38% linolenic acid and 0.19-0.33 % arachidic acid. The range of selenium, α-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol, δ-tocopherol, α-tocotrienoid, γ-tocotrienoid and total carotenoid of these promising genotypes were found to be between 11.44 and 190.71 ng/g, 1.36 and 26.93, 36.17 and 170, 0.45 and 2.61, 0.96 and 3.76, 2.33 and 37.72 and 1.01 and 4.93 mg/kg, respectively. Linoleic acid ranging from 43.19% to 53.16% was the most abundant fatty acid in 15 pomologically selected walnut genotypes, followed by oleic and linolenic acids (31.91% and 11.46%, respectively). Their selenium contents ranged between 7.25 and 57.67 ng/g. γ-Tocopherol was the predominant tocopherol in walnut genotypes. Pistachio and walnut genotypes with higher unsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols and selenium contents may be valuable for nutritional breeding efforts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Horticulture, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Turkey. korayozrenk@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22328120

Citation

Ozrenk, K, et al. "Fatty Acids, Tocopherols, Selenium and Total Carotene of Pistachios (P. Vera L.) From Diyarbakir (Southeastern Turkey) and Walnuts (J. Regia L.) From Erzincan (Eastern Turkey)." Food Science and Technology International = Ciencia Y Tecnologia De Los Alimentos Internacional, vol. 18, no. 1, 2012, pp. 55-62.
Ozrenk K, Javidipour I, Yarilgac T, et al. Fatty acids, tocopherols, selenium and total carotene of pistachios (P. vera L.) from Diyarbakir (Southeastern Turkey) and walnuts (J. regia L.) from Erzincan (Eastern Turkey). Food Sci Technol Int. 2012;18(1):55-62.
Ozrenk, K., Javidipour, I., Yarilgac, T., Balta, F., & Gündogdu, M. (2012). Fatty acids, tocopherols, selenium and total carotene of pistachios (P. vera L.) from Diyarbakir (Southeastern Turkey) and walnuts (J. regia L.) from Erzincan (Eastern Turkey). Food Science and Technology International = Ciencia Y Tecnologia De Los Alimentos Internacional, 18(1), 55-62. https://doi.org/10.1177/1082013211414174
Ozrenk K, et al. Fatty Acids, Tocopherols, Selenium and Total Carotene of Pistachios (P. Vera L.) From Diyarbakir (Southeastern Turkey) and Walnuts (J. Regia L.) From Erzincan (Eastern Turkey). Food Sci Technol Int. 2012;18(1):55-62. PubMed PMID: 22328120.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fatty acids, tocopherols, selenium and total carotene of pistachios (P. vera L.) from Diyarbakir (Southeastern Turkey) and walnuts (J. regia L.) from Erzincan (Eastern Turkey). AU - Ozrenk,K, AU - Javidipour,I, AU - Yarilgac,T, AU - Balta,F, AU - Gündogdu,M, PY - 2012/2/14/entrez PY - 2012/2/14/pubmed PY - 2012/5/11/medline SP - 55 EP - 62 JF - Food science and technology international = Ciencia y tecnologia de los alimentos internacional JO - Food Sci Technol Int VL - 18 IS - 1 N2 - In this study, 14 well-adapted genotypes of pistachio (Pistachio vera L.) grown in Diyarbakır (Southeastern Turkey) and 15 walnut (Juglans regia L.) genotypes grown in Erzincan (Eastern Turkey) have been studied. Pistachio genotypes contained 8.16-9.33% palmitic acid, 0.54-0.68% palmitoleic acid, 2.35-4.21% stearic acid, 67.81-76.82% oleic acid, 9.42-18:32% linoleic acid, 0.27-0.38% linolenic acid and 0.19-0.33 % arachidic acid. The range of selenium, α-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol, δ-tocopherol, α-tocotrienoid, γ-tocotrienoid and total carotenoid of these promising genotypes were found to be between 11.44 and 190.71 ng/g, 1.36 and 26.93, 36.17 and 170, 0.45 and 2.61, 0.96 and 3.76, 2.33 and 37.72 and 1.01 and 4.93 mg/kg, respectively. Linoleic acid ranging from 43.19% to 53.16% was the most abundant fatty acid in 15 pomologically selected walnut genotypes, followed by oleic and linolenic acids (31.91% and 11.46%, respectively). Their selenium contents ranged between 7.25 and 57.67 ng/g. γ-Tocopherol was the predominant tocopherol in walnut genotypes. Pistachio and walnut genotypes with higher unsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols and selenium contents may be valuable for nutritional breeding efforts. SN - 1082-0132 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22328120/Fatty_acids_tocopherols_selenium_and_total_carotene_of_pistachios__P__vera_L___from_Diyarbakir__Southeastern_Turkey__and_walnuts__J__regia_L___from_Erzincan__Eastern_Turkey__ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1082013211414174?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -