Resveratrol potentiates cytochrome P450 2 d22-mediated neuroprotection in maneb- and paraquat-induced parkinsonism in the mouse.Free Radic Biol Med. 2012 Apr 15; 52(8):1294-306.FR
A strong association between polymorphisms of the cytochrome P450 (CYP/Cyp) 2D6 gene and risk to Parkinson's disease (PD) is well established. The present study investigated the neuroprotective potential of Cyp2d22, a mouse ortholog of human CYP2D6, in maneb- and paraquat-induced parkinsonism and the mechanisms involved therein along with the effects of resveratrol on various parameters associated with Cyp2d22-mediated neuroprotection. The animals were treated intraperitoneally with resveratrol (10mg/kg, daily) and paraquat (10mg/kg) alone or in combination with maneb (30 mg/kg), twice a week, for 9 weeks, along with their respective controls. The subsets of animals were also treated intraperitoneally with a Cyp2d22 inhibitor, ketoconazole (100mg/kg, daily). Maneb and paraquat reduced Cyp2d22 and vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT-2) expressions, the number of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive cells, and dopamine content and increased paraquat accumulation in the nigrostriatal tissues, oxidative stress, microglial activation, neuroinflammation, and apoptosis. Cyp2d22 inhibitor significantly exacerbated all these neurodegenerative indexes. Resveratrol cotreatment, partially but significantly, ameliorated the neurodegenerative changes by altering Cyp2d22 expression and paraquat accumulation. The results obtained in the study demonstrate that Cyp2d22 offers neuroprotection in maneb- and paraquat-induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration and resveratrol enhances its neuroprotective credentials by influencing Cyp2d22 expression and paraquat accumulation.