Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The "Trauma Signature:" understanding the psychological consequences of the 2010 Haiti earthquake.
Prehosp Disaster Med. 2011 Oct; 26(5):353-66.PD

Abstract

The 2010 Haiti earthquake was one of the most catastrophic episodes in history, leaving 5% of the nation's population killed or injured, and 19% internally displaced. The distinctive combination of earthquake hazards and vulnerabilities, extreme loss of life, and paralyzing damage to infrastructure, predicts population-wide psychological distress, debilitating psychopathology, and pervasive traumatic grief. However, mental health was not referenced in the national recovery plan. The limited MHPSS services provided in the first eight months generally lacked coordination and empirical basis.There is a need to customize and coordinate disaster mental health assessments, interventions, and prevention efforts around the novel stressors and consequences of each traumatic event. An analysis of the key features of the 2010 Haiti earthquake was conducted, defining its "Trauma Signature" based on a synthesis of early disaster situation reports to identify the unique assortment of risk factors for post-disaster mental health consequences. This assessment suggests that multiple psychological risk factors were prominent features of the earthquake in Haiti. For rapid-onset disasters, Trauma Signature (TSIG) analysis can be performed during the post-impact/pre-deployment phase to target the MHPSS response in a manner that is evidence-based and tailored to the event-specific exposures and experiences of disaster survivors. Formalization of tools to perform TSIG analysis is needed to enhance the timeliness and accuracy of these assessments and to extend this approach to human-generated disasters and humanitarian crises.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA. jamesmichaelshultz@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22336183

Citation

Shultz, James M., et al. "The "Trauma Signature:" Understanding the Psychological Consequences of the 2010 Haiti Earthquake." Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, vol. 26, no. 5, 2011, pp. 353-66.
Shultz JM, Marcelin LH, Madanes SB, et al. The "Trauma Signature:" understanding the psychological consequences of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2011;26(5):353-66.
Shultz, J. M., Marcelin, L. H., Madanes, S. B., Espinel, Z., & Neria, Y. (2011). The "Trauma Signature:" understanding the psychological consequences of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 26(5), 353-66. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X11006716
Shultz JM, et al. The "Trauma Signature:" Understanding the Psychological Consequences of the 2010 Haiti Earthquake. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2011;26(5):353-66. PubMed PMID: 22336183.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The "Trauma Signature:" understanding the psychological consequences of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. AU - Shultz,James M, AU - Marcelin,Louis Herns, AU - Madanes,Sharon B, AU - Espinel,Zelde, AU - Neria,Yuval, PY - 2012/2/17/entrez PY - 2012/2/18/pubmed PY - 2012/5/4/medline SP - 353 EP - 66 JF - Prehospital and disaster medicine JO - Prehosp Disaster Med VL - 26 IS - 5 N2 - The 2010 Haiti earthquake was one of the most catastrophic episodes in history, leaving 5% of the nation's population killed or injured, and 19% internally displaced. The distinctive combination of earthquake hazards and vulnerabilities, extreme loss of life, and paralyzing damage to infrastructure, predicts population-wide psychological distress, debilitating psychopathology, and pervasive traumatic grief. However, mental health was not referenced in the national recovery plan. The limited MHPSS services provided in the first eight months generally lacked coordination and empirical basis.There is a need to customize and coordinate disaster mental health assessments, interventions, and prevention efforts around the novel stressors and consequences of each traumatic event. An analysis of the key features of the 2010 Haiti earthquake was conducted, defining its "Trauma Signature" based on a synthesis of early disaster situation reports to identify the unique assortment of risk factors for post-disaster mental health consequences. This assessment suggests that multiple psychological risk factors were prominent features of the earthquake in Haiti. For rapid-onset disasters, Trauma Signature (TSIG) analysis can be performed during the post-impact/pre-deployment phase to target the MHPSS response in a manner that is evidence-based and tailored to the event-specific exposures and experiences of disaster survivors. Formalization of tools to perform TSIG analysis is needed to enhance the timeliness and accuracy of these assessments and to extend this approach to human-generated disasters and humanitarian crises. SN - 1049-023X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22336183/The_"Trauma_Signature:"_understanding_the_psychological_consequences_of_the_2010_Haiti_earthquake_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1049023X11006716/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -