Evidence for phosphatidylinositol-3-OH-kinase (PI3-kinase) involvement in Cd-mediated oxidative effects on hemocytes of mussels.Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2012 May; 155(4):587-93.CB
This study investigated phosphatidylinositol-3-OH-kinase (PI3-kinase) involvement in the induction of cadmium-mediated oxidative effects on hemocytes of mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis. PI3-kinase was investigated with the use of wortmannin, a specific covalent inhibitor of PI3-kinase. Moreover, phorbol-myristate acetate (PMA), a well-known protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated NADPH oxidase and nitric oxide (NO) synthase stimulator, was also used for elucidating PI3-kinase involvement during the respiratory burst process in challenge hemocytes. According to the results, cells pre-treated with non-toxic concentrations of wortmannin (1 and/or 50 nM, as revealed by neutral red retention assay) for 15 min, showed a significant attenuation of cadmium ability (at concentration of 50 μM) to promote cell death, superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) production, NO generation and lipid peroxidation (in terms of malondialdehyde equivalents). On the other hand, wortmannin-treated cells showed a significant attenuation of PMA ability to induce NO generation but not O(2)(-) production. These findings reveal that PI3-kinase could lead to a PKC-independent induction of NO synthase activity in cells faced with pro-oxidants, such as cadmium, while its activation could be fundamental for the regulation of NAPDH oxidase activity, probably through a PKC-dependent signaling pathway.