Intanza(®) 15 mcg intradermal influenza vaccine elicits cross-reactive antibody responses against heterologous A(H3N2) influenza viruses.Vaccine. 2012 Apr 16; 30(18):2908-13.V
The aim of the present study was to explore the ability of Intanza(®) 15 μg, the intradermal (ID) trivalent inactivated split-virion influenza vaccine containing 15 μg hemagglutinin per strain, to enhance the antibody responses against heterologous circulating H3N2 strains in adults 60 years and older. During the 2006-2007 influenza season, subjects aged 60 years or older were randomly assigned to receive one dose of ID or an intramuscular (IM, Vaxigrip(®)) influenza vaccine, which contained the reassortant A/Wisconsin/67/05(H3N2) strain as the H3N2 component. Antibody responses were assessed against the homologous vaccine strain, against the A/Brisbane/10/07(H3N2) reassortant strain and against four heterologous H3N2 field isolates (A/Genoa/62/05(H3N2), A/Genoa/3/07(H3N2), A/Genoa/2/07(H3N2), A/Genoa/3/06(H3N2)). The viruses tested belonged to three different clades that were closely related antigenically to A/California/7/04(H3N2), A/Nepal/921/06(H3N2) and A/Brisbane/10/07(H3N2). Antibody responses to these viruses were measured in 25 subjects per group using both haemagglutination inhibition (HI) and neutralization (NT) assays. At least one Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) immunogenicity criteria for vaccine approval in the elderly was reached by both vaccines against all the viruses used in the study. All three CHMP criteria were reached against A/California/7/04(H3N2)-like, A/Nepal/921/06(H3N2)-like and A/Brisbane/10/07(H3N2)-like viruses by Intanza(®) 15 μg ID vaccine, while IM vaccination did not meet seroprotection criteria against circulating A/Nepal/921/06(H3N2)-like and A/Brisbane/10/07(H3N2)-like viruses or seroconversion criteria against A/Brisbane/10/07(H3N2)-like viruses. Post-vaccination HI titer, seroconversion, and seroprotection rates were higher against all viruses in subjects who received Intanza(®) 15 μg. The superiority of the seroprotection rate against the A/Nepal/921/06(H3N2)-like strain attained statistical significance despite the small sample size. Upon Beyer correction for pre-vaccination status, post-immunization HI titers against A/California/7/04(H3N2)-like and A/Brisbane/10/07(H3N2)-like strains and NT post-immunization titers against A/Wisconsin/67/05(H3N2), A/California/7/04(H3N2)-like, A/Brisbane/10/07(H3N2)-like strains were significantly higher in subjects immunized with Intanza(®) 15 μg than in individuals receiving IM vaccine. This study, although limited in the size of study population, demonstrated the broader immune response elicited by an ID influenza vaccine vs. a standard IM influenza vaccine against heterologous viruses including field isolates.