Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The road not taken: creative solutions require avoidance of high-frequency responses.
Psychol Sci 2012; 23(3):288-94PS

Abstract

To investigate individual differences in creativity as measured with a complex problem-solving task, we developed a computational model of the remote associates test (RAT). For 50 years, the RAT has been used to measure creativity. Each RAT question presents three cue words that are linked by a fourth word, which is the correct answer. We hypothesized that individuals perform poorly on the RAT when they are biased to consider high-frequency candidate answers. To assess this hypothesis, we tested individuals with 48 RAT questions and required speeded responding to encourage guessing. Results supported our hypothesis. We generated a norm-based model of the RAT using a high-dimensional semantic space, and this model accurately identified correct answers. A frequency-biased model that included different levels of bias for high-frequency candidate answers explained variance for both correct and incorrect responses. Providing new insight into the nature of creativity, the model explains why some RAT questions are more difficult than others, and why some people perform better than others on the RAT.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22344387

Citation

Gupta, Nitin, et al. "The Road Not Taken: Creative Solutions Require Avoidance of High-frequency Responses." Psychological Science, vol. 23, no. 3, 2012, pp. 288-94.
Gupta N, Jang Y, Mednick SC, et al. The road not taken: creative solutions require avoidance of high-frequency responses. Psychol Sci. 2012;23(3):288-94.
Gupta, N., Jang, Y., Mednick, S. C., & Huber, D. E. (2012). The road not taken: creative solutions require avoidance of high-frequency responses. Psychological Science, 23(3), pp. 288-94. doi:10.1177/0956797611429710.
Gupta N, et al. The Road Not Taken: Creative Solutions Require Avoidance of High-frequency Responses. Psychol Sci. 2012;23(3):288-94. PubMed PMID: 22344387.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The road not taken: creative solutions require avoidance of high-frequency responses. AU - Gupta,Nitin, AU - Jang,Yoonhee, AU - Mednick,Sara C, AU - Huber,David E, Y1 - 2012/02/15/ PY - 2012/2/21/entrez PY - 2012/2/22/pubmed PY - 2012/7/19/medline SP - 288 EP - 94 JF - Psychological science JO - Psychol Sci VL - 23 IS - 3 N2 - To investigate individual differences in creativity as measured with a complex problem-solving task, we developed a computational model of the remote associates test (RAT). For 50 years, the RAT has been used to measure creativity. Each RAT question presents three cue words that are linked by a fourth word, which is the correct answer. We hypothesized that individuals perform poorly on the RAT when they are biased to consider high-frequency candidate answers. To assess this hypothesis, we tested individuals with 48 RAT questions and required speeded responding to encourage guessing. Results supported our hypothesis. We generated a norm-based model of the RAT using a high-dimensional semantic space, and this model accurately identified correct answers. A frequency-biased model that included different levels of bias for high-frequency candidate answers explained variance for both correct and incorrect responses. Providing new insight into the nature of creativity, the model explains why some RAT questions are more difficult than others, and why some people perform better than others on the RAT. SN - 1467-9280 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22344387/The_road_not_taken:_creative_solutions_require_avoidance_of_high_frequency_responses_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0956797611429710?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -