Actinomyces canaliculitis and its surgical treatment.Int Ophthalmol. 2012 Apr; 32(2):183-6.IO
The objective of this article is to describe four rare cases of Actinomyces israelii canaliculitis and their surgical treatment in a case series consisting of four cases of Actinomyces israelii canaliculitis. Patient charts were reviewed retrospectively. All four patients presented with epiphora, recurrent conjunctivitis, swelling around the superior canaliculus, and mucopurulent punctal discharge persisting despite medical treatments. Two patients with large canalicular dilation were treated with canaliculoplasty and the other two patients with minimal canalicular dilation were treated with one-snip punctoplasty. The specimens that were evacuated were sent for microbiological and histopathological examinations. The results showed that Actinomyces israelii was isolated in all patients. After medical and surgical treatment, the patients experienced resolution of signs and symptoms. The disease did not recur during the 2-4-year follow-up period. In conclusion Canaliculoplasty with canalicular intubation and one-snip punctoplasty may be safe and efficacious techniques in largely dilated canaliculum and mildly dilated canaliculum, respectively, with no demonstrable risk of post-treatment epiphora in patients with Actinomyces canaliculitis.