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Variation in oil content and fatty acid composition of the seed oil of Acacia species collected from the northwest zone of India.
J Sci Food Agric. 2012 Aug 30; 92(11):2310-5.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The oil content and fatty acid composition of the mature seeds of Acacia species collected from natural habitat of the northwest zone of the Indian subcontinent (Rajasthan) were analyzed in order to determine their potential for human or animal consumption.

RESULTS

Oil content varied between 40 and 102 g kg⁻¹. The highest oil content was obtained in Acacia bivenosa DC. (102 g kg⁻¹) among the nine Acacia species. The fatty acid composition showed higher levels of unsaturated fatty acids, especially linoleic acid (~757.7 g kg⁻¹ in A. bivenosa), oleic acid (~525.0 g kg⁻¹ in A. nubica) and dominant saturated fatty acids were found to be 192.5 g kg⁻¹ palmitic acid and 275.6 g kg⁻¹ stearic acid in A. leucophloea and A. nubica respectively. Seed oils of Acacia species can thus be classified in the linoleic-oleic acid group. Significant variations were observed in oil content and fatty acid composition of Acacia species.

CONCLUSION

The present study revealed that the seed oil of Acacia species could be a new source of high linoleic-oleic acid-rich edible oil and its full potential should be exploited. The use of oil from Acacia seed is of potential economic benefit to the poor native population of the areas where it is cultivated. The fatty acid composition of Acacia seed oils is very similar to that reported for commercially available edible vegetable oils like soybean, mustard, sunflower, groundnut and olive. Hence the seed oil of Acacia species could be a new source of edible vegetable oil after toxicological studies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Botany, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110062, India.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22351513

Citation

Khan, Riyazuddeen, et al. "Variation in Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition of the Seed Oil of Acacia Species Collected From the Northwest Zone of India." Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 92, no. 11, 2012, pp. 2310-5.
Khan R, Srivastava R, Khan MA, et al. Variation in oil content and fatty acid composition of the seed oil of Acacia species collected from the northwest zone of India. J Sci Food Agric. 2012;92(11):2310-5.
Khan, R., Srivastava, R., Khan, M. A., Alam, P., Abdin, M. Z., & Mahmooduzzafar, . (2012). Variation in oil content and fatty acid composition of the seed oil of Acacia species collected from the northwest zone of India. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 92(11), 2310-5. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.5627
Khan R, et al. Variation in Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition of the Seed Oil of Acacia Species Collected From the Northwest Zone of India. J Sci Food Agric. 2012 Aug 30;92(11):2310-5. PubMed PMID: 22351513.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Variation in oil content and fatty acid composition of the seed oil of Acacia species collected from the northwest zone of India. AU - Khan,Riyazuddeen, AU - Srivastava,Ruchi, AU - Khan,Mather Ali, AU - Alam,Pravej, AU - Abdin,Malik Zainul, AU - Mahmooduzzafar,, Y1 - 2012/02/20/ PY - 2011/08/07/received PY - 2012/01/14/revised PY - 2012/01/19/accepted PY - 2012/2/22/entrez PY - 2012/2/22/pubmed PY - 2012/12/22/medline SP - 2310 EP - 5 JF - Journal of the science of food and agriculture JO - J Sci Food Agric VL - 92 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: The oil content and fatty acid composition of the mature seeds of Acacia species collected from natural habitat of the northwest zone of the Indian subcontinent (Rajasthan) were analyzed in order to determine their potential for human or animal consumption. RESULTS: Oil content varied between 40 and 102 g kg⁻¹. The highest oil content was obtained in Acacia bivenosa DC. (102 g kg⁻¹) among the nine Acacia species. The fatty acid composition showed higher levels of unsaturated fatty acids, especially linoleic acid (~757.7 g kg⁻¹ in A. bivenosa), oleic acid (~525.0 g kg⁻¹ in A. nubica) and dominant saturated fatty acids were found to be 192.5 g kg⁻¹ palmitic acid and 275.6 g kg⁻¹ stearic acid in A. leucophloea and A. nubica respectively. Seed oils of Acacia species can thus be classified in the linoleic-oleic acid group. Significant variations were observed in oil content and fatty acid composition of Acacia species. CONCLUSION: The present study revealed that the seed oil of Acacia species could be a new source of high linoleic-oleic acid-rich edible oil and its full potential should be exploited. The use of oil from Acacia seed is of potential economic benefit to the poor native population of the areas where it is cultivated. The fatty acid composition of Acacia seed oils is very similar to that reported for commercially available edible vegetable oils like soybean, mustard, sunflower, groundnut and olive. Hence the seed oil of Acacia species could be a new source of edible vegetable oil after toxicological studies. SN - 1097-0010 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22351513/Variation_in_oil_content_and_fatty_acid_composition_of_the_seed_oil_of_Acacia_species_collected_from_the_northwest_zone_of_India_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.5627 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -