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Aldosterone low-dose, short-term action in adrenalectomized glucocorticoid-substituted rats: Na, K, Cl, HCO3, osmolyte, and water transport in proximal and rectal colon.
Pflugers Arch. 1990 Jul; 416(5):573-9.PA

Abstract

The short-term action of aldosterone in physiological concentration on net fluxes of Na, K, Cl, HCO3, osmolytes, and water was examined in the proximal colon and rectal colon of adrenalectomized (ADX) rats in vivo. The measuring time was 12 h, divided in eight periods of 90 min. (a) Aldosterone alone (6 nmol h-1 kg-1) did not stimulate transport in ADX rats. In these experiments plasma [K] increased to fatal values. A basal glucocorticoid substitution of 24 nmol h-1 kg-1 corticosterone caused plasma K to stay constant throughout the experiment, so that epithelial transport was not handicapped by non-specific effects of ADX, but this also did not restore the decreased transport of ADX rats to control values. Under these conditions (absence of aldosterone) in the rectal colon Na and H2O transport was zero, whereas in the proximal colon flux rates were depressed by between 30% and 50%. In contrast, basal glucocorticoid substitution of 18 nmol h-1 kg-1 corticosterone plus infusion of 6 nmol h-1 kg-1 aldosterone caused transport stimulation to values not significantly different from those of non-ADX controls. We conclude that after ADX, aldosterone at physiological concentrations increases transport if, as a prerequisite, a basal glucocorticoid substitution is provided. Transport of Na, K, and H2O is under the total control of aldosterone in the rectal colon but is only moderately altered in the proximal colon.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut für Klinische Physiologie, Freie Universität Berlin.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2235298

Citation

Fromm, M, et al. "Aldosterone Low-dose, Short-term Action in Adrenalectomized Glucocorticoid-substituted Rats: Na, K, Cl, HCO3, Osmolyte, and Water Transport in Proximal and Rectal Colon." Pflugers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology, vol. 416, no. 5, 1990, pp. 573-9.
Fromm M, Schulzke JD, Hegel U. Aldosterone low-dose, short-term action in adrenalectomized glucocorticoid-substituted rats: Na, K, Cl, HCO3, osmolyte, and water transport in proximal and rectal colon. Pflugers Arch. 1990;416(5):573-9.
Fromm, M., Schulzke, J. D., & Hegel, U. (1990). Aldosterone low-dose, short-term action in adrenalectomized glucocorticoid-substituted rats: Na, K, Cl, HCO3, osmolyte, and water transport in proximal and rectal colon. Pflugers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology, 416(5), 573-9.
Fromm M, Schulzke JD, Hegel U. Aldosterone Low-dose, Short-term Action in Adrenalectomized Glucocorticoid-substituted Rats: Na, K, Cl, HCO3, Osmolyte, and Water Transport in Proximal and Rectal Colon. Pflugers Arch. 1990;416(5):573-9. PubMed PMID: 2235298.
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TY - JOUR T1 - Aldosterone low-dose, short-term action in adrenalectomized glucocorticoid-substituted rats: Na, K, Cl, HCO3, osmolyte, and water transport in proximal and rectal colon. AU - Fromm,M, AU - Schulzke,J D, AU - Hegel,U, PY - 1990/7/1/pubmed PY - 1990/7/1/medline PY - 1990/7/1/entrez SP - 573 EP - 9 JF - Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology JO - Pflugers Arch. VL - 416 IS - 5 N2 - The short-term action of aldosterone in physiological concentration on net fluxes of Na, K, Cl, HCO3, osmolytes, and water was examined in the proximal colon and rectal colon of adrenalectomized (ADX) rats in vivo. The measuring time was 12 h, divided in eight periods of 90 min. (a) Aldosterone alone (6 nmol h-1 kg-1) did not stimulate transport in ADX rats. In these experiments plasma [K] increased to fatal values. A basal glucocorticoid substitution of 24 nmol h-1 kg-1 corticosterone caused plasma K to stay constant throughout the experiment, so that epithelial transport was not handicapped by non-specific effects of ADX, but this also did not restore the decreased transport of ADX rats to control values. Under these conditions (absence of aldosterone) in the rectal colon Na and H2O transport was zero, whereas in the proximal colon flux rates were depressed by between 30% and 50%. In contrast, basal glucocorticoid substitution of 18 nmol h-1 kg-1 corticosterone plus infusion of 6 nmol h-1 kg-1 aldosterone caused transport stimulation to values not significantly different from those of non-ADX controls. We conclude that after ADX, aldosterone at physiological concentrations increases transport if, as a prerequisite, a basal glucocorticoid substitution is provided. Transport of Na, K, and H2O is under the total control of aldosterone in the rectal colon but is only moderately altered in the proximal colon.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0031-6768 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2235298/Aldosterone_low_dose_short_term_action_in_adrenalectomized_glucocorticoid_substituted_rats:_Na_K_Cl_HCO3_osmolyte_and_water_transport_in_proximal_and_rectal_colon_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/steroids.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -