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There's something about a fair split: intentionality moderates context-based fairness considerations in social decision-making.
PLoS One. 2012; 7(2):e31491.Plos

Abstract

Fairness considerations are a strong motivational force in social decision-making. Here, we investigated the role of intentionality in response to unfair offers in the Ultimatum Game by manipulating both proposers' degree of control over the selection of offers and the context pertaining to the outcomes of offers proposers can choose from. As a result, the design enabled us to disentangle intention- and context-based decision-making processes. Rejection rates were higher when an unfair offer was intentionally chosen over a fair alternative than when it was chosen by the computer, outside proposers' control. This finding provides direct evidence for intention-based decision-making. Also, rejection rates in general were sensitive to the context in which an offer was made, indicating the involvement of both intention- and context-based processes in social decision-making. Importantly, however, the current study highlights the role of intention-based fairness considerations in basic decision-making situations where outcomes are explicitly stated and thus easy to compare. Based on these results, we propose that fairness can be judged on different, but additive levels of (social-) cognitive processing that might have different developmental trajectories.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. s.radke@donders.ru.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22363656

Citation

Radke, Sina, et al. "There's Something About a Fair Split: Intentionality Moderates Context-based Fairness Considerations in Social Decision-making." PloS One, vol. 7, no. 2, 2012, pp. e31491.
Radke S, Güroğlu B, de Bruijn ER. There's something about a fair split: intentionality moderates context-based fairness considerations in social decision-making. PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e31491.
Radke, S., Güroğlu, B., & de Bruijn, E. R. (2012). There's something about a fair split: intentionality moderates context-based fairness considerations in social decision-making. PloS One, 7(2), e31491. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031491
Radke S, Güroğlu B, de Bruijn ER. There's Something About a Fair Split: Intentionality Moderates Context-based Fairness Considerations in Social Decision-making. PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e31491. PubMed PMID: 22363656.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - There's something about a fair split: intentionality moderates context-based fairness considerations in social decision-making. AU - Radke,Sina, AU - Güroğlu,Berna, AU - de Bruijn,Ellen R A, Y1 - 2012/02/17/ PY - 2011/07/19/received PY - 2012/01/09/accepted PY - 2012/2/25/entrez PY - 2012/3/1/pubmed PY - 2012/6/30/medline SP - e31491 EP - e31491 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 7 IS - 2 N2 - Fairness considerations are a strong motivational force in social decision-making. Here, we investigated the role of intentionality in response to unfair offers in the Ultimatum Game by manipulating both proposers' degree of control over the selection of offers and the context pertaining to the outcomes of offers proposers can choose from. As a result, the design enabled us to disentangle intention- and context-based decision-making processes. Rejection rates were higher when an unfair offer was intentionally chosen over a fair alternative than when it was chosen by the computer, outside proposers' control. This finding provides direct evidence for intention-based decision-making. Also, rejection rates in general were sensitive to the context in which an offer was made, indicating the involvement of both intention- and context-based processes in social decision-making. Importantly, however, the current study highlights the role of intention-based fairness considerations in basic decision-making situations where outcomes are explicitly stated and thus easy to compare. Based on these results, we propose that fairness can be judged on different, but additive levels of (social-) cognitive processing that might have different developmental trajectories. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22363656/There's_something_about_a_fair_split:_intentionality_moderates_context_based_fairness_considerations_in_social_decision_making_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031491 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -