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Long-term, longitudinal follow-up of individuals with unilateral cleft lip and palate after the Gothenburg primary early veloplasty and delayed hard palate closure protocol: speech outcome.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2012 Nov; 49(6):657-71.CP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate long-term, longitudinal speech outcome in patients born with unilateral cleft lip and palate treated according to a two-stage primary palatal protocol with early veloplasty and delayed hard palate closure.

DESIGN

Retrospective, longitudinal cohort study. Setting : A university hospital in western Sweden.

SUBJECTS

A consecutive series of 55 patients from the total cohort of 65 were included. All patients had surgical procedures at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

METHODS

Standardized audio recordings were blindly analyzed at 5, 7, 16, and 19 years of age and after at a clinical visit at 10 years of age. Typical cleft speech variables were rated independently on ordinal scales. Intelligibility and perceived velopharyngeal function were assessed also. Prevalences of speech characteristics were determined, and interrater and intrarater agreement were calculated. Results : Prominent hypernasality, nasal air leakage, and retracted oral articulation at 5 years were markedly reduced throughout the years with low prevalences at ages 16 and 19 years. Perceived velopharyngeal competence was noted in 82% at age 16 and 87% at age 19 years along with normal intelligibility. Pharyngeal flap surgery was performed in 6 of the 55 patients (11%).

CONCLUSIONS

Long-term speech outcome in patients with two-stage palatoplasty with early soft palate repair was considered good and improved even before hard palate repair. The typical retracted oral articulation was quite frequent during the early ages; whereas, nonoral misarticulations were almost nonexistent, implying good velopharyngeal competence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

CLINTEC/Division of Speech and Language Pathology, B69, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, SE 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden. anette.lohmander@ki.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22364610

Citation

Lohmander, Anette, et al. "Long-term, Longitudinal Follow-up of Individuals With Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate After the Gothenburg Primary Early Veloplasty and Delayed Hard Palate Closure Protocol: Speech Outcome." The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, vol. 49, no. 6, 2012, pp. 657-71.
Lohmander A, Friede H, Lilja J. Long-term, longitudinal follow-up of individuals with unilateral cleft lip and palate after the Gothenburg primary early veloplasty and delayed hard palate closure protocol: speech outcome. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2012;49(6):657-71.
Lohmander, A., Friede, H., & Lilja, J. (2012). Long-term, longitudinal follow-up of individuals with unilateral cleft lip and palate after the Gothenburg primary early veloplasty and delayed hard palate closure protocol: speech outcome. The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, 49(6), 657-71. https://doi.org/10.1597/11-085
Lohmander A, Friede H, Lilja J. Long-term, Longitudinal Follow-up of Individuals With Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate After the Gothenburg Primary Early Veloplasty and Delayed Hard Palate Closure Protocol: Speech Outcome. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2012;49(6):657-71. PubMed PMID: 22364610.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Long-term, longitudinal follow-up of individuals with unilateral cleft lip and palate after the Gothenburg primary early veloplasty and delayed hard palate closure protocol: speech outcome. AU - Lohmander,Anette, AU - Friede,Hans, AU - Lilja,Jan, Y1 - 2012/02/26/ PY - 2012/2/28/entrez PY - 2012/3/1/pubmed PY - 2015/9/29/medline SP - 657 EP - 71 JF - The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association JO - Cleft Palate Craniofac J VL - 49 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate long-term, longitudinal speech outcome in patients born with unilateral cleft lip and palate treated according to a two-stage primary palatal protocol with early veloplasty and delayed hard palate closure. DESIGN: Retrospective, longitudinal cohort study. Setting : A university hospital in western Sweden. SUBJECTS: A consecutive series of 55 patients from the total cohort of 65 were included. All patients had surgical procedures at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. METHODS: Standardized audio recordings were blindly analyzed at 5, 7, 16, and 19 years of age and after at a clinical visit at 10 years of age. Typical cleft speech variables were rated independently on ordinal scales. Intelligibility and perceived velopharyngeal function were assessed also. Prevalences of speech characteristics were determined, and interrater and intrarater agreement were calculated. Results : Prominent hypernasality, nasal air leakage, and retracted oral articulation at 5 years were markedly reduced throughout the years with low prevalences at ages 16 and 19 years. Perceived velopharyngeal competence was noted in 82% at age 16 and 87% at age 19 years along with normal intelligibility. Pharyngeal flap surgery was performed in 6 of the 55 patients (11%). CONCLUSIONS: Long-term speech outcome in patients with two-stage palatoplasty with early soft palate repair was considered good and improved even before hard palate repair. The typical retracted oral articulation was quite frequent during the early ages; whereas, nonoral misarticulations were almost nonexistent, implying good velopharyngeal competence. SN - 1545-1569 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22364610/Long_term_longitudinal_follow_up_of_individuals_with_unilateral_cleft_lip_and_palate_after_the_Gothenburg_primary_early_veloplasty_and_delayed_hard_palate_closure_protocol:_speech_outcome_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1597/11-085?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -