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The role of experiential avoidance, rumination and mindfulness in eating disorders.
Eat Behav. 2012 Apr; 13(2):100-5.EB

Abstract

Anorexia nervosa has been associated with high levels of ruminative thoughts about eating, shape and weight as well as avoidance of emotion and experience. This study examined the associations between disorder-specific rumination, mindfulness, experiential avoidance and eating disorder symptoms. A sample of healthy females (n=228) completed a battery of on-line self-report measures. A hierarchical regression analysis revealed that ruminative brooding on eating, weight and shape concerns was uniquely associated with eating disorder symptoms, above and beyond anxiety and depression symptoms. In a small group (n=42) of individuals with a history of anorexia nervosa, only reflection on eating weight and shape was able to predict eating disorder symptoms when controlling for depression and anxiety. The results suggest that rumination (both brooding and reflection) on eating, weight and shape concerns may be a process which exacerbates eating disorder symptoms. Examining rumination may improve understanding of the cognitive processes which underpin anorexia nervosa and this may in turn aid the development of novel strategies to augment existing interventions. Replication in a larger clinical sample is warranted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK. felicity.cowdrey@psych.ox.ac.ukNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22365790

Citation

Cowdrey, Felicity A., and Rebecca J. Park. "The Role of Experiential Avoidance, Rumination and Mindfulness in Eating Disorders." Eating Behaviors, vol. 13, no. 2, 2012, pp. 100-5.
Cowdrey FA, Park RJ. The role of experiential avoidance, rumination and mindfulness in eating disorders. Eat Behav. 2012;13(2):100-5.
Cowdrey, F. A., & Park, R. J. (2012). The role of experiential avoidance, rumination and mindfulness in eating disorders. Eating Behaviors, 13(2), 100-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2012.01.001
Cowdrey FA, Park RJ. The Role of Experiential Avoidance, Rumination and Mindfulness in Eating Disorders. Eat Behav. 2012;13(2):100-5. PubMed PMID: 22365790.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of experiential avoidance, rumination and mindfulness in eating disorders. AU - Cowdrey,Felicity A, AU - Park,Rebecca J, Y1 - 2012/01/24/ PY - 2011/10/17/received PY - 2012/01/09/accepted PY - 2012/2/28/entrez PY - 2012/3/1/pubmed PY - 2012/7/14/medline SP - 100 EP - 5 JF - Eating behaviors JO - Eat Behav VL - 13 IS - 2 N2 - Anorexia nervosa has been associated with high levels of ruminative thoughts about eating, shape and weight as well as avoidance of emotion and experience. This study examined the associations between disorder-specific rumination, mindfulness, experiential avoidance and eating disorder symptoms. A sample of healthy females (n=228) completed a battery of on-line self-report measures. A hierarchical regression analysis revealed that ruminative brooding on eating, weight and shape concerns was uniquely associated with eating disorder symptoms, above and beyond anxiety and depression symptoms. In a small group (n=42) of individuals with a history of anorexia nervosa, only reflection on eating weight and shape was able to predict eating disorder symptoms when controlling for depression and anxiety. The results suggest that rumination (both brooding and reflection) on eating, weight and shape concerns may be a process which exacerbates eating disorder symptoms. Examining rumination may improve understanding of the cognitive processes which underpin anorexia nervosa and this may in turn aid the development of novel strategies to augment existing interventions. Replication in a larger clinical sample is warranted. SN - 1873-7358 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22365790/The_role_of_experiential_avoidance_rumination_and_mindfulness_in_eating_disorders_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1471-0153(12)00002-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -