[Neurologic paraneoplastic syndrome with anti-CV2/CRMP5 antibodies revealing a small cell lung cancer. Effectiveness of the lung cancer treatment].Rev Neurol (Paris). 2012 Apr; 168(4):371-4.RN
Paraneoplastic neurological syndrome associated with anti-CV2/CRMP5 antibodies are rare. Various clinical manifestations can occur, cerebellar ataxia, polyneuropathy, optic neuritis with NORB or uveitis. Small cell lung carcinoma is generally responsible.
We report the case of a 64-year-old man who developed visual symptoms with papilledema, cerebellar signs, polyneuropathy confirmed with a neurophysiological studies. Anti-CV2/CRMP5 antibodies were present. A small cell lung carcinoma was responsible for this paraneoplastic syndrome revealing the cancer. The paraneoplastic syndrome improved with radio chemotherapy of the cancer alone.
A paraneoplastic neurological syndrome must be evoked in case of an atypic neurological syndrome. This diagnostic can be confirmed by the presence of anti-neuronal antibodies. In this case, a small cells cancer of the lung must be research.