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Five-year trends of second-hand smoke exposure in Greece: a comparison between complete, partial, and prelegislation levels.
J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv. 2012 Dec; 25(6):349-54.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Our aim was to assess second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in hospitality venues after the smoke-free legislation implemented in September 2010 in Greece and to compare with when a partial ban was in place and in 2006 when no ban was in place.

METHODS

Hospitality venues were prospectively assessed for their indoor concentrations of particulate matter (PM(2.5)) during the partial ban phase (n=149) and the complete ban phase (n=120, 80% followed up), while overall and matched by venue comparisons were also performed (no ban vs. partial ban vs. complete ban). Comparisons with previously collected data in 2006 when no ban was in place also was performed.

RESULTS

Indoor air levels of PM(2.5) attributable to SHS dropped following the transition from a partial to a complete ban by 34% (137 μg/m(3) vs. 90 μg/m(3), p=0.003). This drop was larger in bars (from 195 μg/m(3) to 121 μg/m(3)), than in cafes (124 μg/m(3) vs. 87 μg/m(3)) or restaurants (42 μg/m(3) vs. 39 μg/m(3)). PM(2.5) concentrations between 2006 (no ban) and the partial ban of 2010 were also found to decrease by 94 μg/m(3); however, among matched venues, the levels of indoor air pollution were not found to change significantly (218 μg/m(3) vs. 178 μg/m(3), p=0.58). Comparing the 2010 complete ban results (n=120) with previously collected data from 2006 when no ban was in place (n=43), overall PM(2.5) concentrations were found to fall from 268 μg/m(3) to 89 μg/m(3), while a matched analysis found a significant reduction in PM(2.5) concentrations (249 μg/m(3) vs. 46 μg/m(3), p=0.011).

CONCLUSION

The complete ban of smoking in hospitality venues in Greece led to a reduction in SHS exposure, in comparison to when the partial ban or no ban was in place; however, exposure to SHS was not eliminated indicating the need for stronger enforcement.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Global Tobacco Control, Division of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. vardavas@hsph.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22393905

Citation

Vardavas, Constantine I., et al. "Five-year Trends of Second-hand Smoke Exposure in Greece: a Comparison Between Complete, Partial, and Prelegislation Levels." Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery, vol. 25, no. 6, 2012, pp. 349-54.
Vardavas CI, Anagnostopoulos N, Patelarou E, et al. Five-year trends of second-hand smoke exposure in Greece: a comparison between complete, partial, and prelegislation levels. J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv. 2012;25(6):349-54.
Vardavas, C. I., Anagnostopoulos, N., Patelarou, E., Minas, M., Nakou, C., Dramba, V., Giourgouli, G., Bagkeris, E., Gourgoulianis, K., Pattaka, P., Antoniadis, A., Lionis, C., Bertic, M., Dockery, D., Connolly, G. N., & Behrakis, P. K. (2012). Five-year trends of second-hand smoke exposure in Greece: a comparison between complete, partial, and prelegislation levels. Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery, 25(6), 349-54. https://doi.org/10.1089/jamp.2011.0949
Vardavas CI, et al. Five-year Trends of Second-hand Smoke Exposure in Greece: a Comparison Between Complete, Partial, and Prelegislation Levels. J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv. 2012;25(6):349-54. PubMed PMID: 22393905.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Five-year trends of second-hand smoke exposure in Greece: a comparison between complete, partial, and prelegislation levels. AU - Vardavas,Constantine I, AU - Anagnostopoulos,Nektarios, AU - Patelarou,Evridiki, AU - Minas,Markos, AU - Nakou,Chrysanthi, AU - Dramba,Vassiliki, AU - Giourgouli,Gianna, AU - Bagkeris,Emmanouil, AU - Gourgoulianis,Konstantinos, AU - Pattaka,Paraskevi, AU - Antoniadis,Antonis, AU - Lionis,Christos, AU - Bertic,Monique, AU - Dockery,Douglas, AU - Connolly,Gregory N, AU - Behrakis,Panagiotis K, Y1 - 2012/03/06/ PY - 2012/3/8/entrez PY - 2012/3/8/pubmed PY - 2013/11/13/medline SP - 349 EP - 54 JF - Journal of aerosol medicine and pulmonary drug delivery JO - J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv VL - 25 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Our aim was to assess second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in hospitality venues after the smoke-free legislation implemented in September 2010 in Greece and to compare with when a partial ban was in place and in 2006 when no ban was in place. METHODS: Hospitality venues were prospectively assessed for their indoor concentrations of particulate matter (PM(2.5)) during the partial ban phase (n=149) and the complete ban phase (n=120, 80% followed up), while overall and matched by venue comparisons were also performed (no ban vs. partial ban vs. complete ban). Comparisons with previously collected data in 2006 when no ban was in place also was performed. RESULTS: Indoor air levels of PM(2.5) attributable to SHS dropped following the transition from a partial to a complete ban by 34% (137 μg/m(3) vs. 90 μg/m(3), p=0.003). This drop was larger in bars (from 195 μg/m(3) to 121 μg/m(3)), than in cafes (124 μg/m(3) vs. 87 μg/m(3)) or restaurants (42 μg/m(3) vs. 39 μg/m(3)). PM(2.5) concentrations between 2006 (no ban) and the partial ban of 2010 were also found to decrease by 94 μg/m(3); however, among matched venues, the levels of indoor air pollution were not found to change significantly (218 μg/m(3) vs. 178 μg/m(3), p=0.58). Comparing the 2010 complete ban results (n=120) with previously collected data from 2006 when no ban was in place (n=43), overall PM(2.5) concentrations were found to fall from 268 μg/m(3) to 89 μg/m(3), while a matched analysis found a significant reduction in PM(2.5) concentrations (249 μg/m(3) vs. 46 μg/m(3), p=0.011). CONCLUSION: The complete ban of smoking in hospitality venues in Greece led to a reduction in SHS exposure, in comparison to when the partial ban or no ban was in place; however, exposure to SHS was not eliminated indicating the need for stronger enforcement. SN - 1941-2703 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22393905/Five_year_trends_of_second_hand_smoke_exposure_in_Greece:_a_comparison_between_complete_partial_and_prelegislation_levels_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/jamp.2011.0949?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -