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In vitro control of post-harvest fruit rot fungi by some plant essential oil components.
Int J Mol Sci. 2012; 13(2):2290-300.IJ

Abstract

Eight substances that are main components of the essential oils from three Mediterranean aromatic plants (Verbena officinalis, Thymus vulgaris and Origanum vulgare), previously found active against some phytopathogenic Fungi and Stramenopila, have been tested in vitro against five etiological agents of post-harvest fruit decay, Botrytis cinerea, Penicillium italicum, P. expansum, Phytophthora citrophthora and Rhizopus stolonifer. The tested compounds were β-fellandrene, β-pinene, camphene, carvacrol, citral, o-cymene, γ-terpinene and thymol. Citral exhibited a fungicidal action against P. citrophthora; carvacrol and thymol showed a fungistatic activity against P. citrophthora and R. stolonifer. Citral and carvacrol at 250 ppm, and thymol at 150 and 250 ppm stopped the growth of B. cinerea. Moreover, thymol showed fungistatic and fungicidal action against P. italicum. Finally, the mycelium growth of P. expansum was inhibited in the presence of 250 ppm of thymol and carvacrol. These results represent an important step toward the goal to use some essential oils or their components as natural preservatives for fruits and foodstuffs, due to their safety for consumer healthy and positive effect on shelf life extension of agricultural fresh products.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biology, Plant Protection and Agro-Forestry Biotechnology, Basilicata University, Viale dell'Ateneo Lucano, 10-85100, Potenza, Italy; E-Mails: ippolito.camele@unibas.it (I.C.); Luciana.altieri@unibas.it (L.A.); gianluigi.rana@unibas.it (G.L.R.);No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22408454

Citation

Camele, Ippolito, et al. "In Vitro Control of Post-harvest Fruit Rot Fungi By some Plant Essential Oil Components." International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2012, pp. 2290-300.
Camele I, Altieri L, De Martino L, et al. In vitro control of post-harvest fruit rot fungi by some plant essential oil components. Int J Mol Sci. 2012;13(2):2290-300.
Camele, I., Altieri, L., De Martino, L., De Feo, V., Mancini, E., & Rana, G. L. (2012). In vitro control of post-harvest fruit rot fungi by some plant essential oil components. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 13(2), 2290-300. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms13022290
Camele I, et al. In Vitro Control of Post-harvest Fruit Rot Fungi By some Plant Essential Oil Components. Int J Mol Sci. 2012;13(2):2290-300. PubMed PMID: 22408454.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - In vitro control of post-harvest fruit rot fungi by some plant essential oil components. AU - Camele,Ippolito, AU - Altieri,Luciana, AU - De Martino,Laura, AU - De Feo,Vincenzo, AU - Mancini,Emilia, AU - Rana,Gian Luigi, Y1 - 2012/02/21/ PY - 2012/01/21/received PY - 2012/02/13/revised PY - 2012/02/15/accepted PY - 2012/3/13/entrez PY - 2012/3/13/pubmed PY - 2012/3/13/medline KW - fungitoxic activity KW - monoterpenes KW - plant essential oils KW - post-harvest diseases SP - 2290 EP - 300 JF - International journal of molecular sciences JO - Int J Mol Sci VL - 13 IS - 2 N2 - Eight substances that are main components of the essential oils from three Mediterranean aromatic plants (Verbena officinalis, Thymus vulgaris and Origanum vulgare), previously found active against some phytopathogenic Fungi and Stramenopila, have been tested in vitro against five etiological agents of post-harvest fruit decay, Botrytis cinerea, Penicillium italicum, P. expansum, Phytophthora citrophthora and Rhizopus stolonifer. The tested compounds were β-fellandrene, β-pinene, camphene, carvacrol, citral, o-cymene, γ-terpinene and thymol. Citral exhibited a fungicidal action against P. citrophthora; carvacrol and thymol showed a fungistatic activity against P. citrophthora and R. stolonifer. Citral and carvacrol at 250 ppm, and thymol at 150 and 250 ppm stopped the growth of B. cinerea. Moreover, thymol showed fungistatic and fungicidal action against P. italicum. Finally, the mycelium growth of P. expansum was inhibited in the presence of 250 ppm of thymol and carvacrol. These results represent an important step toward the goal to use some essential oils or their components as natural preservatives for fruits and foodstuffs, due to their safety for consumer healthy and positive effect on shelf life extension of agricultural fresh products. SN - 1422-0067 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22408454/In_vitro_control_of_post_harvest_fruit_rot_fungi_by_some_plant_essential_oil_components_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijms-13-02290 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -