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Knowledge about arterial hypertension in the Polish population: the WOBASZ study.
Kardiol Pol. 2012; 70(2):140-6.KP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Insufficient knowledge on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and unawareness of CVD and their complications limit effectiveness of CVD prevention. Thus, monitoring knowledge regarding health issues is necessary in order to prepare prevention projects.

AIM

To evaluate knowledge on hypertension (HT) in relation to gender, age, education level, personal HT status, and a family history of death due to CVD.

METHODS

A representative sample of the Polish population including 6977 men and 7792 women aged 20-74 years was studied in the WOBASZ study in 2003-2005. Data were collected using a questionnaire. We analysed how many respondents knew their blood pressure (BP) and classified it correctly, knew the upper limit of normal BP values (BPlim), and complications of untreated HT. Statistical analysis was performed using the χ(2) test.

RESULTS

Overall, 51% of men and 56% of women reported they knew BPlim (p 〈 0.0001), but about 50% of them identified it within the normotensive range, 40% reported it at the level corresponding to stage I HT, and 8% of men and 6% of women even reported it as 〉 160/100 mm Hg. Fifty-nine percent of men and 69% women (p 〈 0.0001) reported being aware of their own BP, but only 72% of these men and 80% of these women classified it correctly. The most often mentioned HT complications were stroke (58% men and 69% women, p 〈 0.01) and myocardial infarction (60% and 65%, respectively, p 〈 0.01), and 32% of men and 23% of women did not know any complications of HT (p 〈 0.01). Older, more educated persons and those with HT or family history of death to CVD had greater knowledge on HT.

CONCLUSIONS

Knowledge concerning HT is still insufficient in the Polish population, with women being more knowledgeable than men. Age, education level, HT status, and a family history of death due to CVD were significant independent predictors of knowledge level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland. apiwonska@ikard.plNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22427078

Citation

Piwońska, Aleksandra, et al. "Knowledge About Arterial Hypertension in the Polish Population: the WOBASZ Study." Kardiologia Polska, vol. 70, no. 2, 2012, pp. 140-6.
Piwońska A, Piotrowski W, Broda G. Knowledge about arterial hypertension in the Polish population: the WOBASZ study. Kardiol Pol. 2012;70(2):140-6.
Piwońska, A., Piotrowski, W., & Broda, G. (2012). Knowledge about arterial hypertension in the Polish population: the WOBASZ study. Kardiologia Polska, 70(2), 140-6.
Piwońska A, Piotrowski W, Broda G. Knowledge About Arterial Hypertension in the Polish Population: the WOBASZ Study. Kardiol Pol. 2012;70(2):140-6. PubMed PMID: 22427078.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Knowledge about arterial hypertension in the Polish population: the WOBASZ study. AU - Piwońska,Aleksandra, AU - Piotrowski,Walerian, AU - Broda,Grażyna, PY - 2012/3/20/entrez PY - 2012/3/20/pubmed PY - 2012/5/23/medline SP - 140 EP - 6 JF - Kardiologia polska JO - Kardiol Pol VL - 70 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Insufficient knowledge on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and unawareness of CVD and their complications limit effectiveness of CVD prevention. Thus, monitoring knowledge regarding health issues is necessary in order to prepare prevention projects. AIM: To evaluate knowledge on hypertension (HT) in relation to gender, age, education level, personal HT status, and a family history of death due to CVD. METHODS: A representative sample of the Polish population including 6977 men and 7792 women aged 20-74 years was studied in the WOBASZ study in 2003-2005. Data were collected using a questionnaire. We analysed how many respondents knew their blood pressure (BP) and classified it correctly, knew the upper limit of normal BP values (BPlim), and complications of untreated HT. Statistical analysis was performed using the χ(2) test. RESULTS: Overall, 51% of men and 56% of women reported they knew BPlim (p 〈 0.0001), but about 50% of them identified it within the normotensive range, 40% reported it at the level corresponding to stage I HT, and 8% of men and 6% of women even reported it as 〉 160/100 mm Hg. Fifty-nine percent of men and 69% women (p 〈 0.0001) reported being aware of their own BP, but only 72% of these men and 80% of these women classified it correctly. The most often mentioned HT complications were stroke (58% men and 69% women, p 〈 0.01) and myocardial infarction (60% and 65%, respectively, p 〈 0.01), and 32% of men and 23% of women did not know any complications of HT (p 〈 0.01). Older, more educated persons and those with HT or family history of death to CVD had greater knowledge on HT. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge concerning HT is still insufficient in the Polish population, with women being more knowledgeable than men. Age, education level, HT status, and a family history of death due to CVD were significant independent predictors of knowledge level. SN - 1897-4279 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22427078/Knowledge_about_arterial_hypertension_in_the_Polish_population:_the_WOBASZ_study_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/highbloodpressure.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -