Association of PTPN22 C1858T polymorphism and type 1 diabetes: a meta-analysis.Immunol Invest 2012; 41(5):484-96II
Recently, protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor 22 (PTPN22) C1858T polymorphism has been identified as a susceptibile gene for type 1 diabetes (T1D), but studies are inconsistence, In order to assess the association between PTPN22C1858T polymorphism and T1D based on different ethnicities, a meta-analysis was performed, including 26 studies, total of 16,240 patients and 17,997 controls. Meta-analysis was performed on T versus C, T/T+T/C versus C/C (dominant model) and T/T versus T/C+C/C (recessive model) in a fixed/random effects model. The results indicated an association between the PTPN22 C1858T polymorphism and T1D in all subjects. The overall odds ratio (OR) of T versus C using the fixed effects model was 1.948 (95% CI = 1.859∼2.041, P < 0.001). After stratification by ethnicity, analysis revealed that the PTPN22 C1858T polymorphism T allele was significantly associated with T1D in Europeans, Americans (OR = 1.946, 95% CI = 1.852~2.045, P < 0.001; OR = 1.946, 95% CI = 1.690~2.242, P < 0.001, respectively). Meta-analysis of the T/T+T/C genotype and the T/T genotypes showed the same results as that shown by the PTPN22 C1858T polymorphism T allele. This meta-analysis suggests a possible association between the PTPN22 C1858T polymorphism and T1D, especially in European and American populations.