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Honey collected from different floras of Chandigarh Tricity: a comparative study involving physicochemical parameters and biochemical activities.
J Diet Suppl. 2010 Dec; 7(4):303-13.JD

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Different monofloral honeys have a distinctive flavor and color because of differences in physicochemical parameters because of their principal nectar sources or floral types.

METHODS

Honey samples were collected from Apis mellifera colonies forged on 10 floras to analyze the quality of honey in terms of standards laid by Honey Grading and Marking Rules (HGMR), India, 2008 and Codex Alimentarious Commission (CAC), 1969 . The honey samples were analyzed for various physicochemical parameters of honey quality control, i.e., pH, total acidity, moisture, reducing sugars, non-reducing sugars, total sugars, water insoluble solids (WIS), ash content, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural content, and diastase value. The antioxidant potential was estimated using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Further, honey samples were assayed for antibacterial activities against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli using the hole-plate diffusion method.

RESULTS

The physicochemical variation in the composition of honey because of floral source shows Ziziphus honey with high pH and diastase values along with low acidity, whereas Helianthus honey contained high reducing sugar and low moisture content. Amomum, Brassica, Acacia, and Citrus contained lowest amount of non-reducing sugars, ash, WIS, and moisture, respectively. Lowest 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) value was detected in Amomum honey, while highest HMF value was observed with Eucalyptus. The maximum antibacterial and antioxidant potential was observed in Azadirachta and Citrus, respectively.

CONCLUSION

The quality of honey produced by local beekeepers met HGMR and CAC standards, and the chemical composition and biological properties of honey were dependent on the floral source from which it was produced.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Key Laboratory for Advanced Phytochemical Screening, Chitkara College of Pharmacy, Rajpura, Patiala, Punjab, India. pradeep.kumar@chitkara.edu.inNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22432560

Citation

Kumar, Pradeep, et al. "Honey Collected From Different Floras of Chandigarh Tricity: a Comparative Study Involving Physicochemical Parameters and Biochemical Activities." Journal of Dietary Supplements, vol. 7, no. 4, 2010, pp. 303-13.
Kumar P, Sindhu RK, Narayan S, et al. Honey collected from different floras of Chandigarh Tricity: a comparative study involving physicochemical parameters and biochemical activities. J Diet Suppl. 2010;7(4):303-13.
Kumar, P., Sindhu, R. K., Narayan, S., & Singh, I. (2010). Honey collected from different floras of Chandigarh Tricity: a comparative study involving physicochemical parameters and biochemical activities. Journal of Dietary Supplements, 7(4), 303-13. https://doi.org/10.3109/19390211.2010.508034
Kumar P, et al. Honey Collected From Different Floras of Chandigarh Tricity: a Comparative Study Involving Physicochemical Parameters and Biochemical Activities. J Diet Suppl. 2010;7(4):303-13. PubMed PMID: 22432560.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Honey collected from different floras of Chandigarh Tricity: a comparative study involving physicochemical parameters and biochemical activities. AU - Kumar,Pradeep, AU - Sindhu,Rakesh K, AU - Narayan,Shridhar, AU - Singh,Inderbir, Y1 - 2010/09/29/ PY - 2012/3/22/entrez PY - 2010/12/1/pubmed PY - 2012/7/11/medline SP - 303 EP - 13 JF - Journal of dietary supplements JO - J Diet Suppl VL - 7 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Different monofloral honeys have a distinctive flavor and color because of differences in physicochemical parameters because of their principal nectar sources or floral types. METHODS: Honey samples were collected from Apis mellifera colonies forged on 10 floras to analyze the quality of honey in terms of standards laid by Honey Grading and Marking Rules (HGMR), India, 2008 and Codex Alimentarious Commission (CAC), 1969 . The honey samples were analyzed for various physicochemical parameters of honey quality control, i.e., pH, total acidity, moisture, reducing sugars, non-reducing sugars, total sugars, water insoluble solids (WIS), ash content, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural content, and diastase value. The antioxidant potential was estimated using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Further, honey samples were assayed for antibacterial activities against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli using the hole-plate diffusion method. RESULTS: The physicochemical variation in the composition of honey because of floral source shows Ziziphus honey with high pH and diastase values along with low acidity, whereas Helianthus honey contained high reducing sugar and low moisture content. Amomum, Brassica, Acacia, and Citrus contained lowest amount of non-reducing sugars, ash, WIS, and moisture, respectively. Lowest 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) value was detected in Amomum honey, while highest HMF value was observed with Eucalyptus. The maximum antibacterial and antioxidant potential was observed in Azadirachta and Citrus, respectively. CONCLUSION: The quality of honey produced by local beekeepers met HGMR and CAC standards, and the chemical composition and biological properties of honey were dependent on the floral source from which it was produced. SN - 1939-022X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22432560/Honey_collected_from_different_floras_of_Chandigarh_Tricity:_a_comparative_study_involving_physicochemical_parameters_and_biochemical_activities_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/19390211.2010.508034 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -