Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Time trends in social differences in nutrition habits of a Lithuanian population: 1994-2010.
BMC Public Health. 2012 Mar 21; 12:218.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

During the post-communist transition period, political, economic, and social changes affected the lifestyles of the Lithuanian population, including their nutritional habits. However, people of lower socio-economic position were more vulnerable to these changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the trends in selected food habits of the Lithuanian adult population by their level of education and place of residence from 1994 to 2010.

METHODS

The data were obtained from nine biannual cross-sectional postal surveys of Lithuanian health behaviours, beginning in 1994. Each survey used a randomly selected nationally representative sample of 3000 inhabitants aged 20-64 drawn from the population register. In total, 7358 men and 9796 women participated in these surveys. Questions about food consumption were included within all health behaviour questionnaires.

RESULTS

During the transition period, use of vegetable oil in cooking and the frequency of consumption of fresh vegetables increased, use of butter on bread decreased, and the proportion of women drinking high-fat milk declined. Lithuanians with higher education reported more frequent use of vegetable oil in cooking as well as daily consumption of fresh vegetables than those with a lower level of education. Consumption of high-fat milk was inversely associated with educational background. In addition, the proportion of persons spreading butter on bread increased with higher education level. The greatest urban-rural difference was observed in high-fat milk consumption. The increase in the use of vegetable oil in cooking, and the reduction of spreading butter on bread was more evident among less educated and rural inhabitants. Meanwhile, a greater proportion of the rural population, compared to urban, reduced their use of butter on bread. Daily consumption of fresh vegetables increased most among highly educated Lithuanians.

CONCLUSIONS

The data from our study indicate beneficial dietary changes among the Lithuanian adult population. In general, those with a higher level of education had healthier food habits than those with low education. The educational gradient in analyzed food habits, except the use of vegetable oil, enlarged. A higher proportion of the rural population, compared to urban, reduced their usage of butter on bread. However, consumption of high-fat milk was greatest in the rural population. Our data highlight the need for future food and nutrition policies, as well as health promotion programmes, targeting the whole population, particularly those with lower education and living in rural areas.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Medical Academy, Health Research Institute, Kaunas, Lithuania. vilmabor@yahoo.co.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22436087

Citation

Kriaucioniene, Vilma, et al. "Time Trends in Social Differences in Nutrition Habits of a Lithuanian Population: 1994-2010." BMC Public Health, vol. 12, 2012, p. 218.
Kriaucioniene V, Klumbiene J, Petkeviciene J, et al. Time trends in social differences in nutrition habits of a Lithuanian population: 1994-2010. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:218.
Kriaucioniene, V., Klumbiene, J., Petkeviciene, J., & Sakyte, E. (2012). Time trends in social differences in nutrition habits of a Lithuanian population: 1994-2010. BMC Public Health, 12, 218. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-218
Kriaucioniene V, et al. Time Trends in Social Differences in Nutrition Habits of a Lithuanian Population: 1994-2010. BMC Public Health. 2012 Mar 21;12:218. PubMed PMID: 22436087.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Time trends in social differences in nutrition habits of a Lithuanian population: 1994-2010. AU - Kriaucioniene,Vilma, AU - Klumbiene,Jurate, AU - Petkeviciene,Janina, AU - Sakyte,Edita, Y1 - 2012/03/21/ PY - 2011/10/15/received PY - 2012/03/21/accepted PY - 2012/3/23/entrez PY - 2012/3/23/pubmed PY - 2012/5/24/medline SP - 218 EP - 218 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: During the post-communist transition period, political, economic, and social changes affected the lifestyles of the Lithuanian population, including their nutritional habits. However, people of lower socio-economic position were more vulnerable to these changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the trends in selected food habits of the Lithuanian adult population by their level of education and place of residence from 1994 to 2010. METHODS: The data were obtained from nine biannual cross-sectional postal surveys of Lithuanian health behaviours, beginning in 1994. Each survey used a randomly selected nationally representative sample of 3000 inhabitants aged 20-64 drawn from the population register. In total, 7358 men and 9796 women participated in these surveys. Questions about food consumption were included within all health behaviour questionnaires. RESULTS: During the transition period, use of vegetable oil in cooking and the frequency of consumption of fresh vegetables increased, use of butter on bread decreased, and the proportion of women drinking high-fat milk declined. Lithuanians with higher education reported more frequent use of vegetable oil in cooking as well as daily consumption of fresh vegetables than those with a lower level of education. Consumption of high-fat milk was inversely associated with educational background. In addition, the proportion of persons spreading butter on bread increased with higher education level. The greatest urban-rural difference was observed in high-fat milk consumption. The increase in the use of vegetable oil in cooking, and the reduction of spreading butter on bread was more evident among less educated and rural inhabitants. Meanwhile, a greater proportion of the rural population, compared to urban, reduced their use of butter on bread. Daily consumption of fresh vegetables increased most among highly educated Lithuanians. CONCLUSIONS: The data from our study indicate beneficial dietary changes among the Lithuanian adult population. In general, those with a higher level of education had healthier food habits than those with low education. The educational gradient in analyzed food habits, except the use of vegetable oil, enlarged. A higher proportion of the rural population, compared to urban, reduced their usage of butter on bread. However, consumption of high-fat milk was greatest in the rural population. Our data highlight the need for future food and nutrition policies, as well as health promotion programmes, targeting the whole population, particularly those with lower education and living in rural areas. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22436087/Time_trends_in_social_differences_in_nutrition_habits_of_a_Lithuanian_population:_1994_2010_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-12-218 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -