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Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury: a cross-national study of community samples from Italy, the Netherlands and the United States.
Psychiatry Res 2012; 197(1-2):66-72PR

Abstract

This study examined rates and correlates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) across three non-clinical adolescent samples from different countries. Surveys were administered to 1862 adolescents (M(age)=15.69, S.D.=0.87) from Italy (n=827), the Netherlands (n=675), and United States (n=360), including measures of NSSI, substance use, internal (i.e., depressive symptoms, loneliness), and interpersonal factors (i.e., peer victimization, peer preference). After controlling for socio-demographic differences, similar prevalence of NSSI was found across the three samples, with approximately 24% of the adolescents reporting at least one NSSI episode within the last year. Multivariate logistic regressions showed that adolescents' victimization and higher levels of depressive symptoms and family-related loneliness were associated concurrently with NSSI comparably in all three samples. However, multi-group analyses indicated that the association between NSSI and substance use varied significantly across samples, indicating that NSSI related more strongly to substance use (i.e., cigarette smoking and frequent marijuana use) in the sample from the United States rather than the samples from the Netherlands and Italy. Findings provide evidence of NSSI and suggest high similarities in rates and correlates across samples from different countries. Future research should further explore NSSI cross-nationally.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Torino, Italy. M.Giletta@pwo.ru.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22436348

Citation

Giletta, Matteo, et al. "Adolescent Non-suicidal Self-injury: a Cross-national Study of Community Samples From Italy, the Netherlands and the United States." Psychiatry Research, vol. 197, no. 1-2, 2012, pp. 66-72.
Giletta M, Scholte RH, Engels RC, et al. Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury: a cross-national study of community samples from Italy, the Netherlands and the United States. Psychiatry Res. 2012;197(1-2):66-72.
Giletta, M., Scholte, R. H., Engels, R. C., Ciairano, S., & Prinstein, M. J. (2012). Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury: a cross-national study of community samples from Italy, the Netherlands and the United States. Psychiatry Research, 197(1-2), pp. 66-72. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2012.02.009.
Giletta M, et al. Adolescent Non-suicidal Self-injury: a Cross-national Study of Community Samples From Italy, the Netherlands and the United States. Psychiatry Res. 2012 May 15;197(1-2):66-72. PubMed PMID: 22436348.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury: a cross-national study of community samples from Italy, the Netherlands and the United States. AU - Giletta,Matteo, AU - Scholte,Ron H J, AU - Engels,Rutger C M E, AU - Ciairano,Silvia, AU - Prinstein,Mitchell J, Y1 - 2012/03/20/ PY - 2011/06/16/received PY - 2011/11/09/revised PY - 2012/02/07/accepted PY - 2012/3/23/entrez PY - 2012/3/23/pubmed PY - 2012/8/15/medline SP - 66 EP - 72 JF - Psychiatry research JO - Psychiatry Res VL - 197 IS - 1-2 N2 - This study examined rates and correlates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) across three non-clinical adolescent samples from different countries. Surveys were administered to 1862 adolescents (M(age)=15.69, S.D.=0.87) from Italy (n=827), the Netherlands (n=675), and United States (n=360), including measures of NSSI, substance use, internal (i.e., depressive symptoms, loneliness), and interpersonal factors (i.e., peer victimization, peer preference). After controlling for socio-demographic differences, similar prevalence of NSSI was found across the three samples, with approximately 24% of the adolescents reporting at least one NSSI episode within the last year. Multivariate logistic regressions showed that adolescents' victimization and higher levels of depressive symptoms and family-related loneliness were associated concurrently with NSSI comparably in all three samples. However, multi-group analyses indicated that the association between NSSI and substance use varied significantly across samples, indicating that NSSI related more strongly to substance use (i.e., cigarette smoking and frequent marijuana use) in the sample from the United States rather than the samples from the Netherlands and Italy. Findings provide evidence of NSSI and suggest high similarities in rates and correlates across samples from different countries. Future research should further explore NSSI cross-nationally. SN - 0165-1781 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22436348/Adolescent_non_suicidal_self_injury:_a_cross_national_study_of_community_samples_from_Italy_the_Netherlands_and_the_United_States_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-1781(12)00071-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -