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Hypnosis to alleviate the symptoms of ciguatera toxicity: a case study.
Am J Clin Hypn. 2012 Jan; 54(3):179-83.AJ

Abstract

Ciguatera toxicity is a poisoning from consuming reef fish that had fed on dinoflagellates such as Gambierdiscus toxicus found along coral reefs. The toxin is oil soluble, odorless, colorless, tasteless, heat stable, and is concentrated in larger carnivorous fish such as amberjack, barracuda, eel, grouper, red snapper, sea bass, and Spanish mackerel. Onset of symptoms is usually within 6-12 hours after ingestion. Gastrointestinal symptoms lasting 1-2 days include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Neurological symptoms may persist for weeks or several months or--rarely--years and include circumoral and extremity paresthesias, temperature sensation reversal, itching, weakness, ataxia, and others. A patient with burning hands and feet who had not found relief using other methods had diagnosis of ciguatera toxicity assisted by hypnotically refreshed memory followed by rapid relief with hypnotic suggestions in 1 session and remained free of symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, MDC 079, College of Medicine, University of South Florida, 12901 Bruce B. Downs Boulevard, Tampa, FL 33612, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22443020

Citation

Laser, Eleanor D., and Philip D. Shenefelt. "Hypnosis to Alleviate the Symptoms of Ciguatera Toxicity: a Case Study." The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, vol. 54, no. 3, 2012, pp. 179-83.
Laser ED, Shenefelt PD. Hypnosis to alleviate the symptoms of ciguatera toxicity: a case study. Am J Clin Hypn. 2012;54(3):179-83.
Laser, E. D., & Shenefelt, P. D. (2012). Hypnosis to alleviate the symptoms of ciguatera toxicity: a case study. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 54(3), 179-83.
Laser ED, Shenefelt PD. Hypnosis to Alleviate the Symptoms of Ciguatera Toxicity: a Case Study. Am J Clin Hypn. 2012;54(3):179-83. PubMed PMID: 22443020.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hypnosis to alleviate the symptoms of ciguatera toxicity: a case study. AU - Laser,Eleanor D, AU - Shenefelt,Philip D, PY - 2012/3/27/entrez PY - 2012/3/27/pubmed PY - 2012/5/2/medline SP - 179 EP - 83 JF - The American journal of clinical hypnosis JO - Am J Clin Hypn VL - 54 IS - 3 N2 - Ciguatera toxicity is a poisoning from consuming reef fish that had fed on dinoflagellates such as Gambierdiscus toxicus found along coral reefs. The toxin is oil soluble, odorless, colorless, tasteless, heat stable, and is concentrated in larger carnivorous fish such as amberjack, barracuda, eel, grouper, red snapper, sea bass, and Spanish mackerel. Onset of symptoms is usually within 6-12 hours after ingestion. Gastrointestinal symptoms lasting 1-2 days include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Neurological symptoms may persist for weeks or several months or--rarely--years and include circumoral and extremity paresthesias, temperature sensation reversal, itching, weakness, ataxia, and others. A patient with burning hands and feet who had not found relief using other methods had diagnosis of ciguatera toxicity assisted by hypnotically refreshed memory followed by rapid relief with hypnotic suggestions in 1 session and remained free of symptoms. SN - 0002-9157 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22443020/Hypnosis_to_alleviate_the_symptoms_of_ciguatera_toxicity:_a_case_study_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00029157.2011.613489 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -