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Occurrence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Lepstospira spp. in manatees (Trichechus inunguis) of the Brazilian Amazon.
J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012 Mar; 43(1):85-8.JZ

Abstract

The presence of Toxoplasma gondii and Leptospira spp. antibodies was investigated in 74 manatees (Trichechus inunguis [Mammalia: Sirenia]) kept in captivity in two rescue units in the northern region of Brazil. Antibodies to T. gondii were detected in 29 (39.2%) of 74 animals by using the modified agglutination test (titer, 1:25). For antibodies against Leptospira spp., sera were diluted 1:50 and tested against 24 strains ofleptospires by microscopic agglutination microtechnique, and positive samples were end titrated. Twenty-three (31.1%) of 74 animals were reactive to four serovars (Patoc 21/23, Castellonis 2/23, Icterohaemorrhagiae 1/23, and Butembo 1/ 23), with titers ranging from 100 to 1,600. This is the first report of antibodies against T. gondii and Leptospira spp. in T. inunguis from the Brazilian Amazon.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Parasitology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 05508-900 São Paulo, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22448513

Citation

Mathews, Patrick D., et al. "Occurrence of Antibodies to Toxoplasma Gondii and Lepstospira Spp. in Manatees (Trichechus Inunguis) of the Brazilian Amazon." Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine : Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, vol. 43, no. 1, 2012, pp. 85-8.
Mathews PD, da Silva VM, Rosas FC, et al. Occurrence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Lepstospira spp. in manatees (Trichechus inunguis) of the Brazilian Amazon. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012;43(1):85-8.
Mathews, P. D., da Silva, V. M., Rosas, F. C., d'Affonseca Neto, J. A., Lazzarini, S. M., Ribeiro, D. C., Dubey, J. P., Vasconcellos, S. A., & Gennari, S. M. (2012). Occurrence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Lepstospira spp. in manatees (Trichechus inunguis) of the Brazilian Amazon. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine : Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, 43(1), 85-8.
Mathews PD, et al. Occurrence of Antibodies to Toxoplasma Gondii and Lepstospira Spp. in Manatees (Trichechus Inunguis) of the Brazilian Amazon. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012;43(1):85-8. PubMed PMID: 22448513.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occurrence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Lepstospira spp. in manatees (Trichechus inunguis) of the Brazilian Amazon. AU - Mathews,Patrick D, AU - da Silva,Vera M F, AU - Rosas,Fernando C W, AU - d'Affonseca Neto,José A, AU - Lazzarini,Stella M, AU - Ribeiro,Daniella C, AU - Dubey,Jitender P, AU - Vasconcellos,Silvio A, AU - Gennari,Solange M, PY - 2012/3/28/entrez PY - 2012/3/28/pubmed PY - 2012/5/4/medline SP - 85 EP - 8 JF - Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians JO - J Zoo Wildl Med VL - 43 IS - 1 N2 - The presence of Toxoplasma gondii and Leptospira spp. antibodies was investigated in 74 manatees (Trichechus inunguis [Mammalia: Sirenia]) kept in captivity in two rescue units in the northern region of Brazil. Antibodies to T. gondii were detected in 29 (39.2%) of 74 animals by using the modified agglutination test (titer, 1:25). For antibodies against Leptospira spp., sera were diluted 1:50 and tested against 24 strains ofleptospires by microscopic agglutination microtechnique, and positive samples were end titrated. Twenty-three (31.1%) of 74 animals were reactive to four serovars (Patoc 21/23, Castellonis 2/23, Icterohaemorrhagiae 1/23, and Butembo 1/ 23), with titers ranging from 100 to 1,600. This is the first report of antibodies against T. gondii and Leptospira spp. in T. inunguis from the Brazilian Amazon. SN - 1042-7260 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22448513/Occurrence_of_antibodies_to_Toxoplasma_gondii_and_Lepstospira_spp__in_manatees__Trichechus_inunguis__of_the_Brazilian_Amazon_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1638/2011-0178.1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -