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The primary Maxillary Central Incisor in the Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor syndrome.
Eur J Paediatr Dent 2012; 13(1):73-5EJ

Abstract

AIM

Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor (SMMCI) is a developmental anomaly in the permanent dentition with one single central incisor in the maxilla, positioned exactly in the midline. This condition has been associated with extra- and intraoral malformations in the frontonasal segment of the cranium and face. It is not known whether the centrally located permanent incisor is always preceded by a centrally located primary incisor. The aim was to analyse whether a permanent single central incisor in SMMCI is always preceded by a primary single central incisor and to study extra- and intraoral phenotypic traits of the condition.

RESULTS

Nine of the 11 cases exhibited a primary SMMCI with one symmetrical crown and root. Two cases exhibited two separate primary central incisor crowns with fused roots. The phenotypical traits (indistinct philtrum, lack of normal upper lip contour, missing superior labial frenulum and distinct mid-palatal ridge) were findings observed in young children with a primary SMMCI.

CONCLUSION

The present study concludes and stresses the necessity of diagnosing of the SMMCI condition early in life. Furthermore, paediatric dentists are recommended to be aware of the condition and to refer these patients to interdisciplinary diagnostics and treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Odontology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22455533

Citation

Kjaer, I, and M Balslev-Olesen. "The Primary Maxillary Central Incisor in the Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor Syndrome." European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 13, no. 1, 2012, pp. 73-5.
Kjaer I, Balslev-Olesen M. The primary Maxillary Central Incisor in the Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor syndrome. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2012;13(1):73-5.
Kjaer, I., & Balslev-Olesen, M. (2012). The primary Maxillary Central Incisor in the Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor syndrome. European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 13(1), pp. 73-5.
Kjaer I, Balslev-Olesen M. The Primary Maxillary Central Incisor in the Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor Syndrome. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2012;13(1):73-5. PubMed PMID: 22455533.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The primary Maxillary Central Incisor in the Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor syndrome. AU - Kjaer,I, AU - Balslev-Olesen,M, PY - 2012/3/30/entrez PY - 2012/3/30/pubmed PY - 2012/5/11/medline SP - 73 EP - 5 JF - European journal of paediatric dentistry JO - Eur J Paediatr Dent VL - 13 IS - 1 N2 - AIM: Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor (SMMCI) is a developmental anomaly in the permanent dentition with one single central incisor in the maxilla, positioned exactly in the midline. This condition has been associated with extra- and intraoral malformations in the frontonasal segment of the cranium and face. It is not known whether the centrally located permanent incisor is always preceded by a centrally located primary incisor. The aim was to analyse whether a permanent single central incisor in SMMCI is always preceded by a primary single central incisor and to study extra- and intraoral phenotypic traits of the condition. RESULTS: Nine of the 11 cases exhibited a primary SMMCI with one symmetrical crown and root. Two cases exhibited two separate primary central incisor crowns with fused roots. The phenotypical traits (indistinct philtrum, lack of normal upper lip contour, missing superior labial frenulum and distinct mid-palatal ridge) were findings observed in young children with a primary SMMCI. CONCLUSION: The present study concludes and stresses the necessity of diagnosing of the SMMCI condition early in life. Furthermore, paediatric dentists are recommended to be aware of the condition and to refer these patients to interdisciplinary diagnostics and treatment. SN - 1591-996X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22455533/The_primary_Maxillary_Central_Incisor_in_the_Solitary_Median_Maxillary_Central_Incisor_syndrome_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -