First trimester maternal serum PIGF, free β-hCG, PAPP-A, PP-13, uterine artery Doppler and maternal history for the prediction of preeclampsia.Placenta. 2012 Jun; 33(6):495-501.P
To evaluate the detection of pregnancy hypertensive disorders by integrating maternal history, serum biomarkers and uterine artery Doppler in the first trimester.
We prospectively recruited 2118 women that underwent an 11-13 weeks aneuploidy screening. We gathered information on maternal history, uterine artery Doppler and serum biomarkers (PAPP-A, PlGF, PP-13 and free β-hCG). Models were developed for the prediction of overall preeclampsia (PE), early-onset PE, late-onset PE and gestational hypertension (GH). For each outcome, we performed a multivariate logistic regression starting from the saturated model: adopting a step-down procedure we excluded all factors not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Sensitivity models only for statistically significant parameters were calculated from the ROC curves for fixed false-positive rates (FPR).
Among 2118 women, 46 (2.17%) developed GH and 25 (1.18%) were diagnosed with PE, including 12 (0.57%) early-onset PE and 13 (0.61%) late-onset PE. For a fixed FPR of 10 and 5%, serum PlGF, free β-hCG and chronic hypertension identified respectively 67 and 75% of women who developed early-onset PE. In the model for the prediction of overall PE the combination of the uterine artery Doppler pulsatility index (UtA PI) with PlGF and chronic hypertension reached a sensitivity of 60% for a 20% of FPR.
An integration of maternal characteristics and first trimester maternal serum biomarkers (free β-hCG and PlGF) provided a possible screening for early-onset PE. In the overall PE model, UtA PI turned out to be statistically significant but did not improve the detection rate.