PDGF-α stimulates intestinal epithelial cell turnover after massive small bowel resection in a rat.Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2012 Jun 01; 302(11):G1274-81.AJ
Numerous cytokines have been shown to affect epithelial cell differentiation and proliferation through epithelial-mesenchymal interaction. Growing evidence suggests that platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) signaling is an important mediator of these interactions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of PDGF-α on enterocyte turnover in a rat model of short bowel syndrome (SBS). Male rats were divided into four groups: Sham rats underwent bowel transection, Sham-PDGF-α rats underwent bowel transection and were treated with PDGF-α, SBS rats underwent a 75% bowel resection, and SBS-PDGF-α rats underwent bowel resection and were treated with PDGF-α. Parameters of intestinal adaptation, enterocyte proliferation and apoptosis were determined at euthanasia. Illumina's Digital Gene Expression analysis was used to determine PDGF-related gene expression profiling. PDGF-α and PDGF-α receptor (PDGFR-α) expression was determined by real-time PCR. Western blotting was used to determine p-ERK, Akt1/2/3, bax, and bcl-2 protein levels. SBS rats demonstrated a significant increase in PDGF-α and PDGFR-α expression in jejunum and ileum compared with sham animals. SBS-PDGF-α rats demonstrated a significant increase in bowel and mucosal weight, villus height, and crypt depth in jejunum and ileum compared with SBS animals. PDGF-α receptor expression in crypts increased in SBS rats (vs. sham) and was accompanied by an increased cell proliferation following PDGF-α administration. A significant decrease in cell apoptosis in this group was correlated with lower bax protein levels. In conclusion, in a rat model of SBS, PDGF-α stimulates enterocyte turnover, which is correlated with upregulated PDGF-α receptor expression in the remaining small intestine.