Cholesteryl Ester Transfer Protein (CETP) genotype and cognitive function in persons aged 35 years or older.
Common polymorphisms of the Cholestryl Ester Transfer Protein (CETP) gene may predict lower risk of cognitive decline. We investigated the association of cognitive function with CETP genotype in a population-based cohort of 4135 persons aged 35-82 years. Cognitive function was measured with the Ruff Figural Fluency Test (RFFT; worst score, 0 points; best score, 175 points) and CETP I405V and Taq1B genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction. RFFT score was not associated with I405V genotype in persons aged 35-64 years. Remarkably, beyond age 65, homozygous valine carriers had higher RFFT scores than heterozygous carriers and noncarriers: RFFT (SD), 52 (21), 49 (18), and 47 (17) points, respectively (p = 0.005). There also was a statistically significant interaction between I405V genotype and age. Beyond age 65, the difference between homozygous valine carriers and noncarriers increased by 0.11 point per year (p = 0.005). RFFT score was not associated with Taq1B genotype. In conclusion, CETP I405V valine homozygosity was associated with better cognitive function in persons aged 65 years or older.
University Center for Geriatric Medicine, University of Groningen, Univerity Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands. firstname.lastname@example.org, , , ,
Aged, 80 and over
Cholesterol Ester Transfer Proteins
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't