Tympanostomy with and without adenoidectomy for the prevention of recurrences of acute otitis media: a randomized controlled trial.Pediatr Infect Dis J 2012; 31(6):565-9PI
The prevention of otitis media, particularly among infants, remains a controversial issue. We evaluated the efficacy of insertion of tympanostomy tubes with and without adenoidectomy for preventing recurrent acute otitis media (AOM) in young children.
We randomly assigned 300 children aged 10 months to 2 years who had recurrent AOM to groups receiving tympanostomy tubes (Tymp) (n = 100), tympanostomy tubes with adenoidectomy (TympAde) (n = 100) or neither (Contr) (n = 100). All the children were followed up for 12 months.
The primary outcome was intervention failure (2 AOM episodes in 2 months, 3 in 6 months or persistent effusion lasting for 2 months). Intervention failed in 21% of cases (21/100) in the Tymp group, 16% (16/100) in the TympAde group and 34% (34/100) in the Contr group. The absolute differences were -13% [95% confidence interval (CI) -25% to -1%, P = 0.04] between the Tymp and Contr groups and -18% (95% CI -30 to -6%, P =0.004) between the TympAde and Contr groups.
Insertion of tympanostomy tubes alone or with adenoidectomy was effective in preventing recurrent AOM episodes in children younger than 2 years of age.